left arrowball, from Animation City   Ophrys sabulosa   right arrowball, from Animation City

In Jber.naturwiss.Ver.Wuppertal 43 (1990): 134 PAULUS and GACK wrote about a wide spread Ophrys fusca s.l. with relative big labellum, which is late in flower, i.e. usually not before april, and which they consider as a Sicilian endemism. Unfortunately no photo of the taxon was published. For about 15 years it was called by the provisional name 'sabulosa-fusca', which came from the pollinator, the solitary bee Andrena sabulosa subsp. trimmerana.

2004 DELFORGE wrote a formal description in Natural.belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 110-124 and called it Ophrys sabulosa. He illustrated it with two own photos, the same ones, which he had already shown in Natural.belges 81 (Orchid. 13): 205, as well as in the second edition of his field guide. One photo from 16.4.2000 from province of Palermo appears to be the taxon which PAULUS and GACK meant. But the other one, which in the south-west of Sicily already at 15.3.2000 has the last bloom open, seems to be a species which is earlier in flower, perhaps it shows Ophrys gackiae.

Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98 Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
 
Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98 Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
 
Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98 Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98 Ophrys sabulosa, Sicily Niscemi 31.3.98
 
 
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