Photos of European Plants according to the botanical System:
Polypodiaceae (Pteridopsida) / Ferns

All ferns except the Royal Ferns (Osmundaceae), Ferns (Hymenophyllaceae), Adder's-Tongue Ferns (Ophioglossaceae), Water Ferns (Azollaceae), Water Clovers (Marsileaceae), and Floating Ferns (Salviniaceae) are here summed up as Real Ferns (Polypodiaceae), Pteridopsida). In between this inhomogenous group has been splitted into many smaller families:
- Genus Pteridium forms family Dennstaedtiaceae.
- Genus Adiantum, Anogramma, Cheilanthes, Cryptogramma, and Pteris are in between maintained under the family Pteridaceae.
- Genus Asplenium forms family Aspleniaceae.
- Genus Thelypteris, Oreopteris, and Phegopteris are assigned to the family Thelypteridaceae.
- Genus Blechnum forms family Blechnaceae.
- Genus Athyrium, Cystopteris, Gymnocarpium, and Woodsia are now maintained under the family Woodsiaceae.
- Genus Matteuccia and Onoclea are assigned to the family Onocleaceae.
- Genus Dryopteris, Cyrtomium, and Polystichum are now maintained under family Dryopteridaceae.
- Genus Polypodium forms family Polypodiaceae.
- Genus Davallia (Hare's-Foot Fern forms family Davalliaceae.


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Preview pict. Species, Subspecies, or Variety  Synonym(s) Photos from
Cheilanthes / Lip Fern (3 Taxa)
Anogramma leptophylla / Jersey Fern GR Kre Mal Rho
Adiantum / Maidenhair Fern (2 Taxa)
Cryptogramma crispa / Parsley Fern A Cor F
Pteris vittata / Brake Fern Mal
Polypodium / Polypody (4 Taxa)
Pteridium / Bracken (2 Taxa)
Thelypteris palustris / Marsh Fern D
Oreopteris limbosperma / Sweet Mountain Fern, Lemon-Scented Fern Thelypteris limbospermum D
Phegopteris connectilis / Beech Fern Thelypteris phegopteris D F
Asplenium / Spleenwort (23 Taxa)
Athyrium / Lady Fern (2 Taxa)
Cystopteris / Bladder Fern (3 Taxa)
Woodsia ilvensis / Oblong Woodsia, Rusty Woodsia D
Gymnocarpium / Oak Fern (2 Taxa)
Matteuccia struthiopteris / Ostrich Fern A D
Onoclea sensibilis / Sensible Fern D
Polystichum / Shield Fern (4 Taxa)
Cyrtomium / Holly Fern (2 Taxa)
Dryopteris / Buckler Fern (13 Taxa)
Dryopteris braunii / Prickly Shield Fern, Braun's Shield Fern Polystichum braunii D
Dryopteris filix-mas / Male Fern CH D F HR
Dryopteris affinis / Scaly Male Fern D Sam
Dryopteris affinis s.l. / Scaly Male Fern D
Dryopteris borreri / Borrer's Buckler Fern D
Dryopteris punctata / Dotted Buckler Fern Dryopteris affinis subsp. punctata,
Dryopteris splendens
Dryopteris lacunosa / Jagged Male Fern D
Dryopteris villarii / Rigid Buckler Fern A D HR I
Dryopteris dilatata / Broad Buckler Fern D HR S
Dryopteris expansa / Alpine Buckler Fern, Northern Buckler Fern ? D
Dryopteris remota / Scaly Buckler Fern D
Dryopteris carthusiana / Narrow Buckler Fern D
Dryopteris cristata / Crested Buckler Fern D
Davallia canariensis / Hare's-Foot Fern Gom
Blechnum spicant / Hard Fern D IRL

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