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Color Variants of European Orchids
Color variants can be albinos, which are lacking chlorophyll and are only able to survive by nutrients obtained in another way, e.g. mycotrophously, i.e. from fungus braids in the soil. Color variations can also be white flowers (yellow or greenish for Ophrys), which are caused genetically, if a pigment (anthocyanin) is not built up. Also over-coloring is a kind of color variant.

Preview pict.Species, Subspecies, Variety, Forma Section Photos from
Preview image Anacamptis collina / Fan-Lipped Orchid Saccatae Kre Rho Siz Zyp
Anacamptis coriophora / Bug Orchid Coriophorae CH D F HR RO TR
Anacamptis coriophora subsp. fragrans / Fragrant Orchid Coriophorae F GR HR I Kef Kre Les Mal P Rho Sam Sar
Anacamptis laxiflora / Loose-flowered Orchid Laxiflorae F GR HR Kef Kre Rho Sam Sar
Anacamptis longicornu / Long-spurred Orchid Moriones Mal Sar Siz
Anacamptis morio subsp. caucasica / Southern Caucasian Orchid Moriones Chi GR HR Les RO Rho Sam
Anacamptis morio subsp. syriaca / Syrian Orchid Moriones TR Zyp
Anacamptis palustris subsp. elegans / Elegant Marsh Orchid Laxiflorae HR Kre Les RO TR
Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. aegaea / Pink Butterfly Orchid Papilionaceae Chi GR Kef Kre Rho
Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora / Butterfly Orchid Papilionaceae Cor E F Sar
Anacamptis picta / French Green-Veined Orchid Moriones F P
Anacamptis pyramidalis farbvariante_color-variant / Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis D
Anacamptis sancta / Holy Orchid Coriophorae Chi Les Rho Sam
Cephalanthera rubra chlorotisch / Red Helleborine - HR
Cephalanthera rubra forma alba / Red Helleborine - D
Dactylorhiza baumanniana / Baumann's Orchid Latifoliae GR
Dactylorhiza elata / Robust Marsh Orchid Latifoliae E F
Dactylorhiza fuchsii forma albiflora / Common Spotted Orchid Maculatae D GB I
Dactylorhiza fuchsii forma rhodochila / Common Spotted Orchid Maculatae GB
Dactylorhiza incarnata / Early Marsh Orchid Incarnatae CH D F
Dactylorhiza islandica / Iceland Orchid Maculatae Isl
Dactylorhiza kalopissii / Kalopissis' Orchid Latifoliae GR
Dactylorhiza maculata / Spotted Orchid Maculatae A D E F I
Dactylorhiza majalis / Broad-Leaved Marsh Orchid Latifoliae A D F RO
Dactylorhiza praetermissa / Southern Marsh Orchid Latifoliae D GB NL
Dactylorhiza pulchella / Purple Marsh Orchid Incarnatae GB IRL
Dactylorhiza savogiensis / Savoyan Orchid Maculatae F
Dactylorhiza traunsteineri / Narrow-Leaved Marsh Orchid Latifoliae D I
Epipactis helleborine forma monotropoides / Broad-Leaved Helleborine Helleborinae D GR
Epipactis kleinii chlorotisch / Small-flowered Helleborine Atrorubentae E
Epipactis muelleri forma chlorotica / Mueller's Helleborine Helleborinae D
Epipactis purpurata forma rosea / Violet Helleborine Helleborinae D F
Gymnadenia conopsea s.l. farbvariante_color-variant / Common Fragrant Orchid - A D SLO
Gymnadenia odoratissima / Short-spurred Fragrant Orchid - A D I SLO
Limodorum abortivum / Violet Limodore - Cor D E F GR HR I IL Kre Les Rho Sam Zyp
Limodorum trabutianum farbvariante_color-variant / Trabut's Limodore - F
Neotinea lactea / Milky Orchid Tridentatae F GR I Kre Rho Sar Siz
Neotinea tridentata / Toothed Orchid Tridentatae D F GR HR I Les Sar Siz TR
Neotinea ustulata / Burnt Orchid Tridentatae A D E F GR
Nigritella rhellicani farbvariante_color-variant / Vanilla Orchid - A F I
Ophrys apifera forma chlorantha / Greenish Bee Orchid Apiferae D I
Ophrys apifera var. basiliensis / Basel Bee Orchid Apiferae CH
Ophrys balearica / Balearic Orchid Bertoloniorum Ibi Mal
Ophrys cinereophila farbvariante_color-variant Fusci Zyp
Ophrys cyclocheila / Round-Lipped Bee Orchid Mammosae AZ
Ophrys exaltata subsp. arachnitiformis farbvariante_color-variant / False Spider Orchid Araneiferae F
Ophrys ferrum-equinum farbvariante_color-variant / Horseshoe Orchid Mammosae Rho
Ophrys grammica farbvariante_color-variant / Grammos Orchid Araneiferae GR
Ophrys holoserica farbvariante_color-variant / Late Spider Orchid Fuciflorae D F
Ophrys insectifera farbvariante_color-variant / Fly Orchid Musciferae D
Ophrys mammosa farbvariante_color-variant / Bosom Orchid Mammosae GR Zyp
Ophrys mesaritica farbvariante_color-variant / Mesara Ophrys Fusci (Iricolores) Kre
Ophrys neglecta farbvariante_color-variant / Italian Sawfly Orchid Tenthrediniferae I
Ophrys orientalis / Carmel Bee Orchid Umbilicatae Zyp
Ophrys pelinaea / Pelinaio's Bee Orchid Fusci Chi Les Sam
Ophrys provincialis farbvariante_color-variant / Provence Spider Orchid Argolicae F
Ophrys reinholdii farbvariante_color-variant / Reinhold's Bee Orchid Reinholdiae Rho
Ophrys scolopax farbvariante_color-variant / Woodcock Orchid Umbilicatae F
Ophrys sicula / Sicilian Bee Orchid Fusci (Luteae) GR I Kef Kre Les Rho Sam Siz
Ophrys speculum farbvariante_color-variant / Mirror Orchid Ciliatae P
Ophrys sphegodes farbvariante_color-variant / Early Spider Orchid Araneiferae HR
Ophrys subfusca / Smaller-Flowered Dull Bee Orchid Fusci E F Mal
Orchis cazorlensis / Cazorla Orchid Patentes E
Orchis italica farbvariante_color-variant / Wavy-Leaved Monkey Orchid, Italian Man Orchid Militares Kre Rho Sam
Orchis mascula subsp. pinetorum farbvariante_color-variant / Pine-Wood Purple Orchid Masculae TR
Orchis militaris farbvariante_color-variant / Military Orchid Militares D F
Orchis olbiensis farbvariante_color-variant / Hyères Orchid Masculae E F
Orchis purpurea farbvariante_color-variant / Lady Orchid Militares E F
Orchis quadripunctata / Four-spotted Orchid Pusillae GR HR I Kef Kre Les
Orchis simia farbvariante_color-variant / Monkey Orchid Militares D F
Orchis spitzelii farbvariante_color-variant / Spitzel's Orchid Patentes TR
Serapias nurrica farbvariante_color-variant / La Nurra Serapias - Cor
Serapias parviflora farbvariante_color-variant / Small Tongue Orchid - GR P Rho
Serapias vomeracea farbvariante_color-variant / Plow-Share Serapias - F
Traunsteinera globosa farbvariante_color-variant / Globe Orchid - A


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