Color Variants of European Orchids
Color variants can be albinos, which are lacking chlorophyll and are only able to survive by nutrients obtained in another way, e.g. mycotrophously, i.e. from fungus braids in the soil. Color variations can also be white flowers (yellow or greenish for Ophrys), which are caused genetically, if a pigment (anthocyanin) is not built up. Also over-coloring is a kind of color variant.

Preview pict.Species, Subspecies, Variety, Forma Section Photos from
Preview image Anacamptis collina / Fan-Lipped Orchid Saccatae
Anacamptis coriophora / Bug Orchid Coriophorae
Anacamptis coriophora subsp. fragrans / Fragrant Orchid Coriophorae
Anacamptis laxiflora / Loose-flowered Orchid Laxiflorae
Anacamptis longicornu / Long-spurred Orchid Moriones
Anacamptis morio / Green-Veined Orchid Moriones
Anacamptis morio subsp. caucasica / Southern Caucasian Orchid Moriones
Anacamptis morio subsp. syriaca / Syrian Orchid Moriones
Anacamptis palustris subsp. elegans / Elegant Marsh Orchid Laxiflorae
Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. aegaea / Pink Butterfly Orchid Papilionaceae
Anacamptis picta / French Green-Veined Orchid Moriones
Anacamptis pyramidalis / Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis
Anacamptis pyramidalis Farbvariante_Color variant / Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis
Anacamptis sancta / Holy Orchid Coriophorae
Cephalanthera rubra chlorotisch / Red Helleborine -
Cephalanthera rubra forma alba / Red Helleborine -
Dactylorhiza baumanniana / Baumann's Orchid Latifoliae/Angustifoliae
Dactylorhiza elata / Robust Marsh Orchid Latifoliae/Angustifoliae
Dactylorhiza fuchsii forma albiflora / Common Spotted Orchid Maculatae
Dactylorhiza fuchsii forma rhodochila / Common Spotted Orchid Maculatae
Dactylorhiza incarnata / Early Marsh Orchid Incarnatae
Dactylorhiza islandica / Iceland Orchid Maculatae
Dactylorhiza kalopissii / Kalopissis' Orchid Latifoliae/Angustifoliae
Dactylorhiza maculata / Spotted Orchid Maculatae
Dactylorhiza majalis / Broad-Leaved Marsh Orchid Latifoliae/Angustifoliae
Dactylorhiza praetermissa / Southern Marsh Orchid Latifoliae/Angustifoliae
Dactylorhiza pulchella / Purple Marsh Orchid Incarnatae
Dactylorhiza traunsteineri / Narrow-Leaved Marsh Orchid Latifoliae/Angustifoliae
Epipactis helleborine forma monotropoides / Broad-Leaved Helleborine Helleborinae
Epipactis kleinii chlorotisch / Small-flowered Helleborine Atrorubentae
Epipactis muelleri forma chlorotica / Mueller's Helleborine Helleborinae
Epipactis purpurata forma rosea / Violet Helleborine Helleborinae
Gymnadenia conopsea s.l. Farbvariante_Color variant / Common Fragrant Orchid -
Gymnadenia odoratissima / Short-spurred Fragrant Orchid -
Limodorum abortivum / Violet Limodore -
Limodorum trabutianum Farbvariante_Color variant / Trabut's Limodore -
Neotinea lactea / Milky Tridentatae
Neotinea tridentata / Toothed Orchid Tridentatae
Neotinea ustulata / Burnt Orchid Tridentatae
Nigritella rhellicani Farbvariante_Color variant / Vanilla Orchid -
Ophrys apifera forma chlorantha / Bee Orchid Apiferae
Ophrys apifera var. basiliensis / Basel Bee Orchid Apiferae
Ophrys balearica / Balearic Orchid Bertoloniorum
Ophrys cinereophila Farbvariante_Color variant Fusci
Ophrys cyclocheila / Round-Lipped Bee Orchid Mammosae
Ophrys exaltata subsp. arachnitiformis Farbvariante_Color variant / False Spider Orchid Araneiferae
Ophrys ferrum-equinum Farbvariante_Color variant / Horseshoe Orchid Mammosae
Ophrys grammica Farbvariante_Color variant / Grammos Orchid Araneiferae
Ophrys holoserica Farbvariante_Color variant / Late Spider Orchid Fuciflorae
Ophrys insectifera Farbvariante_Color variant / Fly Orchid Musciferae
Ophrys mammosa Farbvariante_Color variant / Bosom Orchid Mammosae
Ophrys mesaritica Farbvariante_Color variant / Mesara Ophrys Fusci (Iricolores)
Ophrys neglecta Farbvariante_Color variant / Italian Sawfly Orchid Tenthrediniferae
Ophrys orientalis / Carmel Bee Orchid Umbilicatae
Ophrys pelinaea / Pelinaio's Bee Orchid Fusci
Ophrys provincialis Farbvariante_Color variant / Provence Spider Orchid Argolicae
Ophrys reinholdii Farbvariante_Color variant / Reinhold's Bee Orchid Reinholdiae
Ophrys scolopax Farbvariante_Color variant / Woodcock Orchid Umbilicatae
Ophrys sicula / Sicilian Bee Orchid Fusci (Luteae)
Ophrys speculum Farbvariante_Color variant / Mirror Orchid Ciliatae
Ophrys sphegodes Farbvariante_Color variant / Early Spider Orchid Araneiferae
Ophrys subfusca Fusci
Orchis cazorlensis / Cazorla Orchid Patentes
Orchis italica Farbvariante_Color variant / Wavy-Leaved Monkey Orchid, Italian Man Orchid Militares
Orchis mascula subsp. pinetorum Farbvariante_Color variant / Pine-Wood Purple Orchid Masculae
Orchis militaris Farbvariante_Color variant / Military Orchid Militares
Orchis olbiensis Farbvariante_Color variant Masculae
Orchis purpurea Farbvariante_Color variant / Lady Orchid Militares
Orchis quadripunctata / Four-spotted Orchid Pusillae
Orchis simia Farbvariante_Color variant / Monkey Orchid Militares
Orchis spitzelii Farbvariante_Color variant / Spitzel's Orchid Patentes
Serapias nurrica Farbvariante_Color variant / La Nurra Serapias -
Serapias parviflora Farbvariante_Color variant / Small Tongue Orchid -
Serapias vomeracea Farbvariante_Color variant / Long-lipped Serapias -
Traunsteinera globosa Farbvariante_Color variant / Globe Orchid -

To top
Start page
Orchids acc. to scientific Names
.. Specific Names
.. German Names
.. English Names
.. Bloom Colors
.. Regions
.. Photo Date
.. Rosettes
.. Tubers + Roots
.. Seed Stems
Orchid Hybrids
Other Plants

Copyright: Use of the images and texts only with author's written permission.