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Fam.: Asteraceae / Composite Fam.      

Genus:  Sonchus  L.
 

Authors:
   L.:  Carl von Linné (Linnaeus, 1707 - 1777), Swedish naturalist who introduced the binary naming system for plants and animals
 

Etymology:
   Sonchus:   Greek name of a thistle-like plant
   oleraceus:   vegetable
 

Sonchus oleracea typically has grey-green leaves with few (soft) prickly tips, while the leaves of Sonchus asper are typically glossy green with many (soft) prickly tips, but can sometimes be blue-green. In difficult cases the fruits provide unquestionable identification attributes: The achenes of Sonchus asper are more bulbous than the more elongated ones of Sonchus oleraceus. Beneath the longitudinal furrows which are availabe at both, the achenes of Sonchus oleraceus have usually a transversely wrinkled surface, which is not present on the achenes of Sonchus asper with smooth surface.

 

Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Bochum 10.6.2020
Fig. 1:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Bochum 10.6.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Bochum 10.6.2020
Fig. 2:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Bochum 10.6.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Bochum 10.6.2020
Fig. 3:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Bochum 10.6.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Bochum 10.6.2020
Fig. 4:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Bochum 10.6.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Bochum 9.9.2020
Fig. 5:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle (another site)
D Bochum 9.9.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Bochum 9.9.2020
Fig. 6:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Bochum 9.9.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Bochum 9.9.2020
Fig. 7:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Bochum 9.9.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Aachen 9.6.2020
Fig. 8:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Aachen 9.6.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Aachen 9.6.2020
Fig. 9:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Aachen 9.6.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Fig. 10:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Fig. 11:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Fig. 12:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Fig. 13:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Fig. 14:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Fig. 15:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Fig. 16:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Dossenheim 28.9.2006
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Mannheim 22.5.2021
Fig. 17:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Mannheim 22.5.2021
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Fig. 18:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Fig. 19:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Fig. 20:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Fig. 21:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Mannheim 6.4.2020
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, D Östringen-Eichelberg 25.5.2015
Fig. 22:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
D Östringen-Eichelberg 25.5.2015
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, F Soufflenheim 3.10.2009
Fig. 23:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
F Soufflenheim 3.10.2009
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Majorca Sant Elm 29.4.2011
Fig. 24:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Majorca, Sant Elm 29.4.2011
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, I Jesolo 17.2.2007
Fig. 25:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
I Jesolo 17.2.2007
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, I Jesolo 19.2.2007
Fig. 26:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
I Jesolo 19.2.2007
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, I Jesolo 19.2.2007
Fig. 27:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
I Jesolo 19.2.2007
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, I Jesolo 19.2.2007
Fig. 28:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
I Jesolo 19.2.2007
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Croatia Senj 16.7.2007
Fig. 29:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Croatia, Senj 16.7.2007
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Croatia Senj 16.7.2007
Fig. 30:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Croatia, Senj 16.7.2007
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Croatia Senj 16.7.2007
Fig. 31:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Croatia, Senj 16.7.2007
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, IRL Clonmacnoise 19.8.2005
Fig. 32:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
IRL Clonmacnoise 19.8.2005
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, IRL Clonmacnoise 19.8.2005
Fig. 33:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
IRL Clonmacnoise 19.8.2005
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, GR Hymettos 20.3.2019
Fig. 34:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
GR Hymettos 20.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, GR Hymettos 20.3.2019
Fig. 35:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
GR Hymettos 20.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, GR Hymettos 20.3.2019
Fig. 36:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
GR Hymettos 20.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 37:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 38:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 39:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 40:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 41:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 42:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle (another site)
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 43:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 44:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 45:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 46:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Rhodos Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Fig. 47:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Rhodos, Rhodos City 28.3.2019
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Crete Knossos 30.3.2015
Fig. 48:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Crete, Knossos 30.3.2015
Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle, Crete Knossos 30.3.2015
Fig. 49:  Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow-Thistle
Crete, Knossos 30.3.2015

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Plants acc. to Families
 
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