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Fam.: Salviniaceae / Floating Fern Fam.      

Genus:  Salvinia  SEG.
 

Authors:
   L.:  Carl von Linné (Linnaeus, 1707 - 1777), Swedish naturalist who introduced the binary naming system for plants and animals
   ALL.:  Carlo Allioni (1728 - 1804), Italian physician and botanist
   SEG.:  Jean-François Séguier (1703 - 1784), French botanist
 

Etymology:
   Salvinia:   Antonio Maria Salvini (1633 - 1729), professor for Greek language in Florence (Italy) who supported Pier Antonio Micheli's botanical work Nov. Pl. Gen. which contains the first known image of the plant that Séguier later took as type for his description
   natans:   swimming
 

In 1729, PIER ANTONIO MICHELI from Florence published his botanical work "Nova Genera Plantarum", which contained not only verbal descriptions of the plants new for science but also showed beautiful copper engravings of the plants. On page 170 the Floating Moss is verbally described, and plate 58 shows it as a copper engraving. As name for the Floating Moss MICHELI chose 'Salvinia' according to a sponsor, the Florentine professor ANTONIO MARIA SALVINI, who had given money for the publication of the book. Also other plants described in this and other books were named according to sponsors. This was quite common at that time, since the publication of such a book with pictures was a very elaborate and expensive undertaking.
In 1753, CARL VON LINNÉ published his work 'Species Plantarum', which was a fundamental cut for botany and zoology, because it established the binary (bipartite) nomenclature, which is still applied today. Therefore the "International Code of Botanical Nomenclature", which specifies the rules for the naming of plants, treats 1753 as "year zero", older names are not used in current nomenclature.
LINNÉ himself had described the Floating Moss, but put it together with the Four-Leaf Clover Marsilea quadrifolia into genus 'Marsilea'. When CARLO ALLIONI in 1785 intended to establish an own generic name for the Floating Moss, which is quite different from the Four-Leaf Clover, the first publication since 1753 had been looked for, which mentioned the Floating Moss under an own generic name. It was found by the third volume of 'Plantae Veronenses', a flora of the region of Verona (Italy), published by JEAN-FRANÇOIS SÉGUIER in 1754. On page 52 the Floating Moss is mentioned for the region, referring to the name 'Salvinia' chosen by MICHELI, as well as to the description of the plant and to the copper engraving from 1929. As a consequence of the rules of botanical nomenclature, shortly after his death SÉGUIER became involuntarily the first describer of the generic name 'Salvinia', which had not been chosen by him, but by MICHELI. The art epithet natans has been taken over by ALLIONI from the name Marsilea natans which had been chosen by LINNÉ.

 

Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Fig. 1:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Fig. 2:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Fig. 3:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Fig. 4:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Römerberg 14.8.2008
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Pfalz, Speyer 28.7.2007
Fig. 5:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Pfalz, Speyer 28.7.2007
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Pfalz, Speyer 28.7.2007
Fig. 6:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Pfalz, Speyer 28.7.2007
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Mannheim 15.9.2013
Fig. 7:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss (Sporangia)
D Mannheim 15.9.2013
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Fig. 8:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss (young plant)
D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Fig. 9:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss (young plant)
D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Fig. 10:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss (young plant)
D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Fig. 11:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss (young plant)
D Altlussheim 26.5.2015
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Altlussheim 22.7.2015
Fig. 12:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Altlussheim 22.7.2015
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Brandenburg, Havelaue-Gülpe 16.9.2020
Fig. 13:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Brandenburg, Havelaue-Gülpe 16.9.2020
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Brandenburg, Havelaue-Gülpe 16.9.2020
Fig. 14:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Brandenburg, Havelaue-Gülpe 16.9.2020
Salvinia natans / Floating Moss, D Brandenburg, Havelaue-Gülpe 16.9.2020
Fig. 15:  Salvinia natans / Floating Moss
D Brandenburg, Havelaue-Gülpe 16.9.2020

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