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Fam.: Musci / Mosses      

Synon.:  Cratoneuron commutatum  (HEDW.) ROTH

Genus:  Palustriella  OCHYRA,  Cratoneuron  (SULL.) SPRUCE
 

Authors:
   HEDW.:  Johannes Hedwig (1730 - 1799), German physician and botanist
   OCHYRA:  Ryszard Ochyra (1949 - ), Polish bryologist
   ROTH:  Albrecht Wilhelm Roth (1757 - 1834), physician and botanist from Bremen (Northern Germany)
   SULL.:  William Starling Sullivant (1803 - 1873), American bryologist
   SPRUCE:  Richard Spruce (1817 - 1893), English botanist and explorer
 

Etymology:
   Palustriella:   diminutive of palustris = bog
   commutata:   modified
   Cratoneuron:   Kratos = strength, neuron = nerve
   commutatum:   modified
 

For its photosynthesis the Curled Hook Moss  Palustriella commutata removes carbon dioxide out the lime (calcium hydrogen carbonate) which is dissolved in the water. So crystalline lime (crystalline calcium carbonate) is precipitated, which can accumulate on the moss, whereby imposing tufa rocks can build up over the course of some years, like e.g. the sinter terraces near Berching-Holnstein west of Regensburg in Bavaria shown on the first photo. The famous waterfalls of Plitvice and Krka in Croatia with their lakes one behind the other have also been created this way.

 

Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 1:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 2:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 3:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 4:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 5:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 6:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 7:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 8:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 9:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 10:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Fig. 11:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
D Berching-Holnstein 23.7.2021
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Plitvička 3.6.2006
Fig. 12:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Plitvička 3.6.2006
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Plitvička 3.6.2006
Fig. 13:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Plitvička 3.6.2006
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Plitvička 3.6.2006
Fig. 14:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Plitvička 3.6.2006
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Plitvička 3.6.2006
Fig. 15:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Plitvička 3.6.2006
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Plitvička 19.7.2007
Fig. 16:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Plitvička 19.7.2007
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Krka 3.6.2008
Fig. 17:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Krka 3.6.2008
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Krka 3.6.2008
Fig. 18:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Krka 3.6.2008
Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss, Croatia Krka 3.6.2008
Fig. 19:  Palustriella commutata / Curled Hook Moss
Croatia, Krka 3.6.2008

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