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Fam.: Poaceae \ Süßgräser / Grass Fam.      

Gattung / Genus:  Miscanthus  ANDERSSON
 

Autoren / Authors:
   ANDERSSON:  Nils Johan Andersson (1821 - 1880), schwedischer Botaniker / Swedish botanist
 

Etymologie / Etymology:
   Miscanthus:   miskos = Stängel, anthos = Blüte (lange Blütenform) / miskos = stem, anthos = blossom (long form of the flower)
   sinensis:   aus China / from China
 

Die aus Ostasien stammenden Miscanthus sinensis und Miscanthus sacchariflorus werden in Europa als Zierpflanzen verwendet. Das Ährchen von Miscanthus sinensis besitzt eine Granne (in Fig. 3, 11 und 27 jeweils oberhalb der Ährchen), das Ährchen von Miscanthus sacchariflorus nicht. Von Miscanthus sinensis gibt es auch Zuchtformen mit hell längs (Fig. 6, 20 und 21) oder quer gestreiften Blättern. Der Horst der schmalblättrigen Zuchtform 'Gracillimus' auf den ersten Bildern Fig. 1 bis 13 hat sich von selbst in einer Hofeinfahrt angesamt, die anderen Fotos zeigen kultivierte Pflanzen.
Neben diesen beiden als Ziergräser verwendeten Arten wird noch die Hybride der beiden, Miscanthus x giganteus J.M.GREEF & DEUTER ex HODK. & RENVOIZE als Energiepflanze angebaut, sie wird bis zu 4 Meter hoch und besitzt mehr als 3 Zentimeter breite Blätter.

Miscanthus sinensis and Miscanthus sacchariflorus, which both originate frm East Asia, are used as ornamental plants in Europe. The spikelet of Miscanthus sinensis has an awn (in Fig. 3, 11, and 27 above the spikelets), the spikelet of Miscanthus sacchariflorus does not. There are also cultivated forms of Miscanthus sinensis with light lengthwise (Fig. 6, 20, and 21) or across stripes on the leaves. The plant of the narrow-leaved cultivar 'Gracillimus' in the first pictures Fig. 1 to 13 has sowed by itself in a courtyard driveway, the other photos show cultivated plants.
In addition to these two species used as ornamental grasses, the hybrid of both, Miscanthus x giganteus J.M.GREEF & DEUTER ex HODK. & RENVOIZE is cultivated as an energy crop, it grows up to 4 meters high with leaves more than 3 centimeters wide.

 

Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 1:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 2:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 3:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 4:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 5:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 6:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 7:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 8:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 9:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Fig. 10:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 16.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 23.11.2022
Fig. 11:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 23.11.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 23.11.2022
Fig. 12:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 23.11.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 9.12.2022
Fig. 13:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 9.12.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Mannheim 23.11.2022
Fig. 14:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass ('Gracillimus')
D Mannheim 23.11.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 15:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 16:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 17:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 18:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 19:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 20:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 21:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Fig. 22:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Offenburg 3.9.2022
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Bochum 23.10.2018
Fig. 23:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass
D Bochum 23.10.2018
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Fig. 24:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Fig. 25:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Fig. 26:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Fig. 27:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, D Heidelberg 23.10.2021
Fig. 28:  Miscanthus sinensis \ Chinaschilf, Elefanten-Gras / Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass (cultiv.)
D Heidelberg 23.10.2021

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.. Blütenfarben
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.. Blütenbau
.. Flower Anatomy
 
.. Blattform
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.. Aufn.-Monat
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