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Fam.: Berberidaceae / Barberry Fam.      

Synon.:  Berberis aquifolium  PURSH

Genus:  Mahonia  NUTT.,  Berberis  L.
 

Authors:
   PURSH:  Frederick Traugott Pursh (1774 - 1820), American botanist of German descent
   NUTT.:  Thomas Nuttall (1786 - 1859), English botanist
   L.:  Carl von Linné (Linnaeus, 1707 - 1777), Swedish naturalist who introduced the binary naming system for plants and animals
 

Etymology:
   Mahonia:   Bernard McMahon (1775 - 1816), American gardener
   aquifolium:   holly-leaved
   Berberis:   from the Arabic name of the fruit
 

Mahonia aquifolium is by far the most common Mahonia in Southern German parks and gardens, and comes from North America. The berries are spread by birds and the plant easily naturalizes, especially in areas with sandy soil such as the Upper Rhine Valley. The typically glossy leaves of Mahonia aquifolium consist of 5 - 9 leaflets, the ratio of length and width of the terminal leaflet is greater than in other species: 1.7 to 2.5 (young plants initially have fewer and shorter leaflets). The absolute size of the leaves is immaterial and depends, for example, on the light conditions at the site. The edges of the leaflets are very wavy, the barbed teeth mostly protruding. In winter, the leaves of Mahonia aquifolium can be tinged with dark red. The whole plant becomes typcally 1 meter tall, but can reach 2 meters in rare cases.
In Franconia, hybrids of Mahonia aquifolium with the taller, more multi-leaved Mahonia pinnata were found as well as hybrids with the smaller, less-leaved and stoloniferous Creeping Oregon Grape  Mahonia repens.

 

Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 14.4.2015
Fig. 1:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 14.4.2015
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 14.4.2015
Fig. 2:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 14.4.2015
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Fig. 3:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Fig. 4:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Fig. 5:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (upper side)
D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Fig. 6:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (bottom side)
D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Fig. 7:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (bottom side)
D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Fig. 8:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (upper side)
D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Fig. 9:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 9.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 1.3.2022
Fig. 10:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (another site ; bright, rather soft leaves)
D Mannheim 1.3.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 1.3.2022
Fig. 11:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (bright, rather soft leaves)
D Mannheim 1.3.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim-Neckarau 26.2.2022
Fig. 12:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (young plant)
D Mannheim-Neckarau 26.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim-Neckarau 19.3.2014
Fig. 13:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (cultiv.)
D Mannheim-Neckarau 19.3.2014
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim-Neckarau 19.3.2014
Fig. 14:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (cultiv.)
D Mannheim-Neckarau 19.3.2014
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Schwetzingen 9.4.2018
Fig. 15:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Schwetzingen 9.4.2018
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Schwetzingen 9.4.2018
Fig. 16:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Schwetzingen 9.4.2018
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Fig. 17:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (taken by Mahonia Rust Cumminsiella mirabilissima (PECK) NANNF.)
D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Fig. 18:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (taken by Mahonia Rust Cumminsiella mirabilissima (PECK) NANNF.)
D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Fig. 19:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (taken by Mahonia Rust Cumminsiella mirabilissima (PECK) NANNF.)
D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Fig. 20:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (taken by Mahonia Rust Cumminsiella mirabilissima (PECK) NANNF.)
D Viernheim 22.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 6.4.2016
Fig. 21:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 6.4.2016
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 6.4.2016
Fig. 22:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 6.4.2016
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 6.4.2016
Fig. 23:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 6.4.2016
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 4.3.2007
Fig. 24:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 4.3.2007
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 4.3.2007
Fig. 25:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 4.3.2007
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 4.3.2007
Fig. 26:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 4.3.2007
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 11.3.2007
Fig. 27:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 11.3.2007
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Viernheim 16.10.2013
Fig. 28:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Viernheim 16.10.2013
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Bensheim 13.9.2015
Fig. 29:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Bensheim 13.9.2015
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Fig. 30:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Fig. 31:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Fig. 32:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Fig. 33:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Fig. 34:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Alsbach 30.6.2014
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 12.2.2022
Fig. 35:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Alsbach 12.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 12.2.2022
Fig. 36:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Alsbach 12.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Alsbach 12.2.2022
Fig. 37:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (bottom side)
D Alsbach 12.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Römerberg 13.3.2019
Fig. 38:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Römerberg 13.3.2019
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mainz 21.4.2012
Fig. 39:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mainz 21.4.2012
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mainz 21.4.2012
Fig. 40:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mainz 21.4.2012
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Birkenheide 14.4.2018
Fig. 41:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape [2 m hoch/tall]
D Birkenheide 14.4.2018
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 13.2.2022
Fig. 42:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 13.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 13.2.2022
Fig. 43:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape (bottom side)
D Mannheim 13.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 13.2.2022
Fig. 44:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 13.2.2022
Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape, D Mannheim 10.6.2021
Fig. 45:  Mahonia aquifolium / Shining Oregon Grape, Tall Oregon Grape
D Mannheim 10.6.2021

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