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Fam.: Rutaceae / Rue Fam.      

Hybrid formula (parents):  Citrus maxima  (BURM.) MERR.  x  Citrus reticulata  BLANCO

Genus:  Citrus  L.
 

Authors:
   L.:  Carl von Linné (Linnaeus, 1707 - 1777), Swedish naturalist who introduced the binary naming system for plants and animals
   BLANCO:  Francisco Manuel Blanco (1778 - 1845), Spanish botanist
   BURM.:  Johannes Burman (1706 - 1779), Dutch physician and botanist
   MERR.:  Elmer Drew Merrill (1876 - 1956), botanist in USA
 

Etymology:
   Citrus:   Latin for the wood of a tree of which furniture is made, probably Cedar
   aurantium:   Bitter Orange
   maxima:   the largest
   reticulata:   mesh-like
 

As the sweet Orange Tree Citrus x sinensis the Bitter Orange came into being as a breeding based on Pomelo (Grapefruit) Citrus maxima and Mandarin Citrus reticulata. Most probably the origin of the Bitter Orange is the Southern Himayala or the mountains of China. To Italy it has already been introduced in the 11th century.

 

Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange, GR Athen 10.4.2019
Fig. 1:  Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange (cultiv.)
GR Athen 10.4.2019
Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange, GR Athen 10.4.2019
Fig. 2:  Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange (cultiv.)
GR Athen 10.4.2019
Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange, GR Athen 10.4.2019
Fig. 3:  Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange (cultiv.)
GR Athen 10.4.2019
Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange, GR Athen 10.4.2019
Fig. 4:  Citrus x aurantium / Bitter Orange, Seville Orange (cultiv.)
GR Athen 10.4.2019

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