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Fam.: Cucurbitaceae / Cucumber Fam.      

Genus:  Citrullus  SCHRAD. ex ECKL. & ZEYH.
 

Authors:
   L.:  Carl von Linné (Linnaeus, 1707 - 1777), Swedish naturalist who introduced the binary naming system for plants and animals
   SCHRAD.:  Heinrich Adolph Schrader (1767 - 1836), botanist at Göttingen (Germany)
   ECKL.:  Christian Friedrich Ecklon (1795 - 1868), German pharmacist and botanist
   ZEYH.:  Carl Ludwig Philipp Zeyher (1799 - 1858), German botanist
 

Etymology:
   Citrullus:   citrouille = name for members of the gourd family
   colocynthis:   ancient Greek and Roman name of the plant
 

The Colocynth Citrullus colocinthis is regarded as poisonous, unlike the closely related Water Melone. It is an old medical plant, which originates from North Africa.

 

Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple, D Botan. Gar.  Universit.  Mainz 13.9.2008
Fig. 1:  Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple (cultiv.)
D Botan. Gar. Universit. Mainz 13.9.2008
Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple, D Botan. Gar.  Universit.  Mainz 13.9.2008
Fig. 2:  Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple (cultiv.)
D Botan. Gar. Universit. Mainz 13.9.2008
Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple, D Botan. Gar.  Universit.  Mainz 13.9.2008
Fig. 3:  Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple (cultiv.)
D Botan. Gar. Universit. Mainz 13.9.2008
Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple, D Botan. Gar.  Universit.  Mainz 4.8.2007
Fig. 4:  Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple (cultiv.)
D Botan. Gar. Universit. Mainz 4.8.2007
Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple, D Botan. Gar.  Universit.  Mainz 4.8.2007
Fig. 5:  Citrullus colocynthis / Colocynth, Bitter Apple (cultiv.)
D Botan. Gar. Universit. Mainz 4.8.2007

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