Plants of the Viernheim Heath (Inland Dunes)
East of Mannheim is Viernheim, and north-west of this village there is the 'Viernheimer Heide' (= heath) on both sides of the motorway A6. The shown area is kept free of wood because it is in a route of high voltage overhead cables. Its soil is the sand of inland dunes where the environment has extreme conditions e.g. dryness and high soil temperatures of up to 70 degrees celsius, which lead to special communities of plants. The inland dunes are wind-borne sand fields which came into being, when at the end of the ice age strong winds blew sand out of the gravel, which the then still meandering Rhine carried from the Alpes and deposited at its edges.
Erodium cicutarium, Common Crane's-Bill, Philary
Erodium cicutarium / Common Crane's-Bill, Philary
Geraniaceae / Crane's-Bill Fam.
Teesdalia nudicaulis, Shepherd's Cress
Teesdalia nudicaulis / Shepherd's Cress
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Senecio vernalis, Eastern Groundsel
Senecio vernalis / Eastern Groundsel
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
Arabidopsis thaliana, Thale Cress
Arabidopsis thaliana / Thale Cress
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Draba spathulata, Pound-Podded Whitlowgrass
Draba spathulata / Pound-Podded Whitlowgrass
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Saxifraga tridactylites, Rue-Leaved Saxifrage
Saxifraga tridactylites / Rue-Leaved Saxifrage
Saxifragaceae / Saxifrage Fam.
Viola rupestris, Teesdale Violet
Viola rupestris / Teesdale Violet
Violaceae / Violet Fam.
Viola arvensis, Field Pansy
Viola arvensis / Field Pansy
Violaceae / Violet Fam.
Viola hirta, Hairy Violet
Viola hirta / Hairy Violet
Violaceae / Violet Fam.
Cerastium semidecandrum, Little Mouse-Ear
Cerastium semidecandrum / Little Mouse-Ear
Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam.
Spergula morisonii, Pearlwort Spurrey
Spergula morisonii / Pearlwort Spurrey
Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam.
Holosteum umbellatum, Jagged Chickweed
Holosteum umbellatum / Jagged Chickweed
Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam.
Glechoma hederacea, Ground-Ivy
Glechoma hederacea / Ground-Ivy
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
Cardamine hirsuta, Hairy Bitter-Cress
Cardamine hirsuta / Hairy Bitter-Cress
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Senecio vulgaris, Groundsel
Senecio vulgaris / Groundsel
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
Potentilla incana, Sand Cinquefoil
Potentilla incana / Sand Cinquefoil
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
Potentilla neumanniana, Spring Cinquefoil
Potentilla neumanniana / Spring Cinquefoil
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
Potentilla argentea agg., Hoary Cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea agg. / Hoary Cinquefoil
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
Mahonia aquifolium, Oregon Grape
Mahonia aquifolium / Oregon Grape
Berberidaceae / Barberry Fam.
Taraxacum sect. ruderalia, Dandelion
Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia / Dandelion
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
Taraxacum tortilobum, Twisted-Lobed Dandelion
Taraxacum tortilobum / Twisted-Lobed Dandelion
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
Myosotis stricta, Strict Forget me not, Small-Flowered Forget me not
Myosotis stricta / Strict Forget me not, Small-Flowered Forget me not
Boraginaceae / Borrage Fam.
Lamium amplexicaule, Henbit Dead-Nettle
Lamium amplexicaule / Henbit Dead-Nettle
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
Lamium purpureum, Red Dead-Nettle
Lamium purpureum / Red Dead-Nettle
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
Rumex tenuifolius, Narrow-Leaved Sheep's Sorrel
Rumex tenuifolius / Narrow-Leaved Sheep's Sorrel
Polygonaceae / Knotweed Fam.
Euphorbia cyparissias, Cypress Spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias / Cypress Spurge
Euphorbiaceae / Spurge Fam.
Alliaria petiolata, Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata / Garlic Mustard
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Luzula campestris, Field Wood-Rush
Luzula campestris / Field Wood-Rush
Juncaceae / Rush Fam.
Setaria pumila, Yellow Bristle Grass
Setaria pumila / Yellow Bristle Grass
Poaceae / Grass Fam.
Carex echinata, Star Sedge
Carex echinata / Star Sedge
Cyperaceae / Sedge Fam.
Pinus sylvestris, Scot's Pine
Pinus sylvestris / Scot's Pine
Pinaceae / Pine Fam.
Prunus serotina, Rum Drupes
Prunus serotina / Rum Drupes
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
Cytisus scoparius, Scotch Broom
Cytisus scoparius / Scotch Broom
Fabaceae / Legumes
Sisymbrium altissimum, Tall Rocket
Sisymbrium altissimum / Tall Rocket
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Arabis glabra, Tower Mustard
Arabis glabra / Tower Mustard
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Ornithopus perpusillus, Bird's-Foot
Ornithopus perpusillus / Bird's-Foot
Fabaceae / Legumes
Acinos arvensis, Basil Thyme
Acinos arvensis / Basil Thyme
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
Helichrysum arenarium, Yellow Everlasting Daisy
Helichrysum arenarium / Yellow Everlasting Daisy
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
Echium vulgare, Viper's Bugloss
Echium vulgare / Viper's Bugloss
Boraginaceae / Borrage Fam.
Psyllium arenarium, Branched Plantain
Psyllium arenarium / Branched Plantain
Plantaginaceae / Plantain Fam.
Jasione montana, Sheep's Bit
Jasione montana / Sheep's Bit
Campanulaceae / Bellflower Fam.
Trifolium arvense, Hare's-Foot Clover
Trifolium arvense / Hare's-Foot Clover
Fabaceae / Legumes
Potentilla recta, Sulphur Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta / Sulphur Cinquefoil
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
Asparagus officinalis, Garden Asparagus, Wild Asparagus
Asparagus officinalis / Garden Asparagus, Wild Asparagus
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
Conyza canadensis, Canadian Fleabane
Conyza canadensis / Canadian Fleabane
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
The following plants I haven't seen in the last some years:
Gagea pratensis, Meadow Gagea
Gagea pratensis / Meadow Gagea
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
Potentilla intermedia, Downy Cinquefoil, Russian Cinquefoil
Potentilla intermedia / Downy Cinquefoil, Russian Cinquefoil
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
Draba muralis, Wall Whitlowgrass
Draba muralis / Wall Whitlowgrass
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
Naturally this list isn't complete. It will be continued on occasion.
The pages on Nature Reserves near Sandhausen, as well as die Frühjahrsblüher and Sommerblüher south of Mannheim deal with the flora of inland dunes, too.  

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