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Spring Geophytes in the Park Island at Ludwigshafen / Rhine
Biotop
In front flourishing white: Snowdrop Galanthus nivalis; in the center flourishing lilac: Woodland Crocus Crocus tommasinianus
 
Many different spring geophytes are growing on the Parkinsel (park island) in Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. Only the Alpine Squill Scilla bifolia agg., the Wood Anemone Anemone nemorosa, the Lesser Celandine Ranunculus ficaria, two species of Violets, the Hollow-Root Corydalis cava, the Angular Solomon's Seal Polygonatum odoratum, and Ramsons Allium ursinum are native in the area, all others might have been planted, but this was up to 120 years ago. Over the decades, however, many of these plants have propagated and the populations increased self-reliant at least in the immediate vicinity of the plantings, so that large groups of several wild and planted species are existing today (in German such plants are called Stinsen-Pflanzen, I don't know whether there is an English word for it).
The site came only into being when the Luitpoldhafen (a port) was built at the end of the 19th century. First a riparian wood developed there, called 'Mundenheimer Wäldchen' (Mundenheim copse). In 1900 the Ludwigshafen municipal council decided to create the city park there, which opened already in 1901.
Geophytes are plants that have underground storage organs such as bulbs, tubers, or rhizomes, and therefore only need short time from the shoot to flowering. That's why spring geophytes are the plants that bloom first at the end of winter. The first plants to flower, in some years already in February, are Winter Aconite Eranthis hyemalis and Snowdrop Galanthus nivalis, both in large clusters.

 
Biotop
Winter Aconite Eranthis hyemalis
 
Eranthis hyemalis, Winter Aconite
Eranthis hyemalis / Winter Aconite
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
Eranthis hyemalis, Winter Aconite
Eranthis hyemalis / Winter Aconite
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
Galanthus elwesii, Giant Snowdrop
Galanthus elwesii / Giant Snowdrop
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
 
Biotop
Snowdrop Galanthus nivalis
 
Galanthus nivalis, Snowdrop
Galanthus nivalis / Snowdrop
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
 
Galanthus nivalis, Snowdrop
Galanthus nivalis / Snowdrop
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
 
Leucojum vernum, Spring Snowflake
Leucojum vernum / Spring Snowflake
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
 
Crocus tommasinianus, Woodland Crocus, Tommasini's Crocus
Crocus tommasinianus / Woodland Crocus, Tommasini's Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Crocus tommasinianus, Woodland Crocus, Tommasini's Crocus
Crocus tommasinianus / Woodland Crocus, Tommasini's Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Biotop
Spring Crocus Crocus vernus s.l.
 
Crocus vernus s.l., Spring Crocus
Crocus vernus s.l. / Spring Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Crocus vernus s.l., Spring Crocus
Crocus vernus s.l. / Spring Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Crocus ancyrensis, Ankara Crocus
Crocus ancyrensis / Ankara Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Crocus flavus, Yellow Crocus
Crocus flavus / Yellow Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Crocus chrysanthus, Snow Crocus, Golden Crocus
Crocus chrysanthus / Snow Crocus, Golden Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Crocus chrysanthus, Snow Crocus, Golden Crocus
Crocus chrysanthus / Snow Crocus, Golden Crocus
Iridaceae / Iris Fam.
 
Biotop
Alpine Squill Scilla bifolia agg.
 
Scilla mischtschenkoana, Early Scilla, White Squill
Scilla mischtschenkoana / Early Scilla, White Squill
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
Scilla bifolia agg., Alpine Squill
Scilla bifolia agg. / Alpine Squill
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
Scilla bifolia agg., Alpine Squill
Scilla bifolia agg. / Alpine Squill
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
  Color variant
 
Scilla siberica agg., Siberian Squill
Scilla siberica agg. / Siberian Squill
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
Scilla siberica agg., Siberian Squill
Scilla siberica agg. / Siberian Squill
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
Scilla siberica agg., Siberian Squill
Scilla siberica agg. / Siberian Squill
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
  Color variant
 
Few weeks later the following spring geophytes are in flower:
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Big-flowered bred form
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Big-flowered bred form
 
Narcissus x cyclazetta, Daffodil tete-a-tete
Narcissus x cyclazetta / Daffodil tete-a-tete
= Narcissus cyclamineus x tazetta
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Small-flowered bred form
 
Viola odorata, Sweet Violet
Viola odorata / Sweet Violet
Violaceae / Violet Fam.
 
 
Ranunculus ficaria, Lesser Celandine
Ranunculus ficaria / Lesser Celandine
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
 
Anemone nemorosa, Wood Anemone
Anemone nemorosa / Wood Anemone
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
 
Chionodoxa luciliae x siehei, Hybrid Glory of the Snow
Chionodoxa luciliae x siehei / Hybrid Glory of the Snow
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
Chionodoxa luciliae x siehei, Hybrid Glory of the Snow
Chionodoxa luciliae x siehei / Hybrid Glory of the Snow
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
Chionodoxa sardensis, Sardes Glory of the Snow
Chionodoxa sardensis / Sardes Glory of the Snow
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Smaller-flowered bred form
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Smaller-flowered bred form
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Big-flowered bred form
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Big-flowered bred form
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Big-flowered bred form
 
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Wild Daffodil
Narcissus pseudonarcissus / Wild Daffodil
Amaryllidaceae / Amaryllis Fam.
  Big-flowered bred form, double
 
Corydalis cava, Hollow-Root
Corydalis cava / Hollow-Root
Fumariaceae / Fumitory Fam.
 
 
Corydalis cava, Hollow-Root
Corydalis cava / Hollow-Root
Fumariaceae / Fumitory Fam.
 
 
Viola reichenbachiana, Early Dog Violet
Viola reichenbachiana / Early Dog Violet
Violaceae / Violet Fam.
 
 
Some weeks later, typically in April, some more spring geophytes are in flower:
Tulipa gesneriana, Garden Tulip, Didier's Tulip
Tulipa gesneriana / Garden Tulip, Didier's Tulip
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Tulipa gesneriana, Garden Tulip, Didier's Tulip
Tulipa gesneriana / Garden Tulip, Didier's Tulip
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
  double
 
Hyacinthus orientalis, Garden Hyacinth
Hyacinthus orientalis / Garden Hyacinth
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Epimedium x perralchicum, Frohnleiten Barren-Wort
Epimedium x perralchicum / Frohnleiten Barren-Wort
= Epimedium perralderianum x pinnatum subsp. colchicum
Berberidaceae / Barberry Fam.
 
 
Epimedium x perralchicum, Frohnleiten Barren-Wort
Epimedium x perralchicum / Frohnleiten Barren-Wort
= Epimedium perralderianum x pinnatum subsp. colchicum
Berberidaceae / Barberry Fam.
 
 

 

 

 

 
The Barren Worts of which a group is available are spring geophytes with rhizomes. This is the well-known artificial hybrid sort 'Frohnleiten'.
Muscari armeniacum, Armenian Grape Hyacinth
Muscari armeniacum / Armenian Grape Hyacinth
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Allium ursinum, Ramsons
Allium ursinum / Ramsons
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Polygonatum odoratum, Angular Solomon's Seal
Polygonatum odoratum / Angular Solomon's Seal
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Hyacinthoides hispanica x non-scripta, Bluebell Hybrid
Hyacinthoides hispanica x non-scripta / Bluebell Hybrid
= Hyacinthoides x massartiana
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Hyacinthoides hispanica x non-scripta, Bluebell Hybrid
Hyacinthoides hispanica x non-scripta / Bluebell Hybrid
= Hyacinthoides x massartiana
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Hyacinthoides non-scripta, English Bluebell
Hyacinthoides non-scripta / English Bluebell
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Ornithogalum angustifolium, Narrow-Leaved Star of Bethlehem
Ornithogalum angustifolium / Narrow-Leaved Star of Bethlehem
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 
Ornithogalum angustifolium, Narrow-Leaved Star of Bethlehem
Ornithogalum angustifolium / Narrow-Leaved Star of Bethlehem
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
 

 

 

 

 
I found more types of leaves which are looking like those of the Lily family in wider sense, but did not yet show any sign for a blossom in this year yet. These are still not yet determined. Perhaps some of these will bloom no more because of too much shade at the edges of the paths where they had been planted in the past.
Unknown_plant specD <b>?</b>, Unknown Plant
Unknown_plant specD ? / Unknown Plant
{???} / {Unknown_Family}
  Galanthus ? Tulipa (small wild species) ?
 

 
Unknown_plant specB <b>?</b>, Unknown Plant
Unknown_plant specB ? / Unknown Plant
{???} / {Unknown_Family}
  Hyacinthus ?
 

 
Finally some spring impressions from the park island:
Biotop
Wild Daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus big-flowered bred form
 
Biotop
Spring Crocus Crocus vernus s.l.
 
Biotop
Alpine Squill Scilla bifolia agg. (flourishing blue) near the fore trees; in the background river Rhine and a transport ship, behind that Mannheim-Lindenhof
 
Biotop
Siberian Squill Scilla siberica agg. (flourishing blue) near the fore tree
 
Biotop
Winter Aconite Eranthis hyemalis
 
This list may probably not be complete yet. It will be continued on occasion.  
 

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Inhalt
Contents
 
Orchideen
Orchids
 
Andere Pflanzen
Other Plants
 
Pflanzen nach Familien
Plants acc. to Families
 
.. Verwandtschaft
.. Relationship
 
.. wiss. Namen
.. Scientific Names
 
.. deut. Namen
.. German Names
 
.. engl. Namen
.. English Names
 
.. Art-Namen
.. Specific Names
 
.. Blütenfarben
.. Bloom Colors
 
.. Blütenbau
.. Flower Anatomy
 
.. Blattform
.. Leaf Form
 
.. Regionen
.. Regions
 
.. Aufn.-Monat
.. Photo Month
 
.. Früchten + Samen
.. Fruits + Seed
 
.. Wurzeln + Knollen
.. Roots + Bulbs
 
Bäume
Trees
 
Sträucher
Bushes
 
Wasser-Pfl.
Water Plants
 
Kletter-/Schling-Pfl.
Climbers + Twiners
 
Nutz-Pfl.
Useful Pl.
 
Zier-Pflanzen
Ornamental Pl.
 
Farb-Var.
Color Var.
 
Mehrere Kriterien
Multiple Criteria
 
Biotope + Gruppen
Biotopes + Groups
 
Botan.Links
Botan.Links
 
4-Mai-2021

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