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Remarkable plants at the Gemeindeberg near Neuleiningen
The Grünstadter Berg or Gemeindeberg, a hill between Grünstadt und Tiefental in Palatina, is located at the western edge of the Upper Rhine valley and consists of limestone. I looked for plants only from the small road which leads onto the top of the hill from Neuleiningen, not on the Grünstadt or Tiefental side of the hill. I found several plants, which I never or rarely saw at other sites of our region. Still the Gemeindeberg is no nature reserve, but integrated into the FFH area 'Kalkmagerrasen zwischen Ebertsheim und Grünstadt' (limestone mesobrometums between E. and G.), since the most valuable biotopes are the mesobrometums and hedges. Big parts of the Gemeindeberg are economically used with wine fields, corn fields and quarries. A small american military depot was given up some years ago. On a left open field in the past field herbs were in-sown, of which several are still available.
 
In the lower area of the Gemeindeberg at edges of wine yards and corn fields there are the following plants among others:
Cerastium glutinosum, Dwarf Mouse-Ear
Cerastium glutinosum / Dwarf Mouse-Ear
Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam.
 
Consolida regalis, Forking Larkspur
Consolida regalis / Forking Larkspur
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
Papaver rhoeas, Common Poppy
Papaver rhoeas / Common Poppy
Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam.
 
Anthemis tinctoria, Yellow Chamomile
Anthemis tinctoria / Yellow Chamomile
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Centaurea cyanus, Cornflower
Centaurea cyanus / Cornflower
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Bunias orientalis, Warty Cabbage
Bunias orientalis / Warty Cabbage
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
 
Tragopogon dubius, Goat's-Beard
Tragopogon dubius / Goat's-Beard
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Above Neuleiningen there are two quarries, where a special limestone for the cement production is quarried. In this part of the hill I found the following plants among others at roadsides and on wasteland:
Helleborus foetidus, Stinking Hellebore
Helleborus foetidus / Stinking Hellebore
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
Thlaspi perfoliatum, Perfoliate Penny-Cress
Thlaspi perfoliatum / Perfoliate Penny-Cress
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
 
Thlaspi arvense, Field Penny-Cress
Thlaspi arvense / Field Penny-Cress
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
 
Camelina microcarpa, Lesser Gold of Pleasure, Small-Seed False-Flax
Camelina microcarpa / Lesser Gold of Pleasure, Small-Seed False-Flax
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
 
Arabis auriculata, Annual Rock-Cress
Arabis auriculata / Annual Rock-Cress
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
 
Alyssum alyssoides, Small Alison, Pale Madwort
Alyssum alyssoides / Small Alison, Pale Madwort
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
 
Salvia verticillata, Whorled Sage
Salvia verticillata / Whorled Sage
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Linaria vulgaris, Common Toadflax
Linaria vulgaris / Common Toadflax
Scrophulariaceae / Figwort Fam.
 
Onopordum acanthium, Cotton Thistle
Onopordum acanthium / Cotton Thistle
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Into a former field north of the top of the hill field herbs have been sown years ago. Since then the field is ploughed yearly. Not all of the sown herbs are still available, but new ones arrived. In recent years, however, the burrowing of wild boars is increasingly becoming a problem.
Gagea villosa, Hairy Star of Bethlehem
Gagea villosa / Hairy Star of Bethlehem
Liliaceae / Lily Fam.
 
Hordeum distichon, Two-Rowed Barley
Hordeum distichon / Two-Rowed Barley
Poaceae / Grass Fam.
 
Fallopia convolvulus, Black Bindweed
Fallopia convolvulus / Black Bindweed
Polygonaceae / Knotweed Fam.
 
Agrostemma githago, Corn Cockle
Agrostemma githago / Corn Cockle
Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam.
 
Melampyrum arvense, Field Cow-Wheat
Melampyrum arvense / Field Cow-Wheat
Scrophulariaceae / Figwort Fam.
 
Tripleurospermum perforatum, Scentless Mayweed
Tripleurospermum perforatum / Scentless Mayweed
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Caucalis platycarpos, Small Bur Parsley
Caucalis platycarpos / Small Bur Parsley
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Bupleurum rotundifolium, Hare's Ear, Thorow-Wax
Bupleurum rotundifolium / Hare's Ear, Thorow-Wax
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Camelina microcarpa, Lesser Gold of Pleasure, Small-Seed False-Flax
Camelina microcarpa / Lesser Gold of Pleasure, Small-Seed False-Flax
Brassicaceae / Crucifers
 
Ranunculus arvensis, Corn Buttercup
Ranunculus arvensis / Corn Buttercup
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
Adonis aestivalis, Summer Pheasant's Eye
Adonis aestivalis / Summer Pheasant's Eye
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
The Mesobrometums are very rich of species. The flower starts with thousands of early flowering Common Pasque-Flower.
Biotop

 
Pulsatilla vulgaris, Common Pasque-Flower
Pulsatilla vulgaris / Common Pasque-Flower
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
Viola hirta, Hairy Violet
Viola hirta / Hairy Violet
Violaceae / Violet Fam.
 
Primula veris, Cow's-lip
Primula veris / Cow's-lip
Primulaceae / Primrose Fam.
 
Adonis vernalis, Spring Pheasant's Eye
Adonis vernalis / Spring Pheasant's Eye
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
  After tens of years, in which Spring Pheasant's Eye had been considered to be lost, in 2017 to 2019 one was in flower again.
 
Anemone blanda, Mountain Windflower
Anemone blanda / Mountain Windflower
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
  A single Anemone blanda which had run wild I saw only in 2007, and no more since then.
 
Carex humilis, Dwarf Sedge
Carex humilis / Dwarf Sedge
Cyperaceae / Sedge Fam.
 
Potentilla neumanniana, Spring Cinquefoil
Potentilla neumanniana / Spring Cinquefoil
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Prunus spinosa, Sloe, Blackthorn
Prunus spinosa / Sloe, Blackthorn
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Euphorbia cyparissias, Cypress Spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias / Cypress Spurge
Euphorbiaceae / Spurge Fam.
 
Orchis militaris, Military Orchid
Orchis militaris, Military Orchid
Orchidaceae / Orchids
 
Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. pseudovulneraria, Fodder Kidney Vetch
Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. pseudovulneraria / Fodder Kidney Vetch
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Sanguisorba minor, Salad Burnet
Sanguisorba minor / Salad Burnet
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Salvia pratensis, Meadow Clary
Salvia pratensis / Meadow Clary
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Dianthus carthusianorum, Carthusian Pink
Dianthus carthusianorum / Carthusian Pink
Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam.
 
Aquilegia vulgaris, Columbine
Aquilegia vulgaris / Columbine
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
 
Veronica prostrata subsp. scheereri, Scheerer's Speedwell
Veronica prostrata subsp. scheereri / Scheerer's Speedwell
Scrophulariaceae / Figwort Fam.
 
Trinia glauca, Honewort
Trinia glauca / Honewort
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Globularia bisnagarica, Common Globularia
Globularia bisnagarica / Common Globularia
Globulariaceae / Globularia Fam.
 
Himantoglossum hircinum, Lizard Orchid
Himantoglossum hircinum, Lizard Orchid
Orchidaceae / Orchids
 
Thesium linophyllon, Bastard Toadflax
Thesium linophyllon / Bastard Toadflax
Santalaceae / Sandalwood Fam.
 
Scorzonera purpurea, Purple Viper's Grass
Scorzonera purpurea / Purple Viper's Grass
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Anacamptis pyramidalis, Pyramidal Orchid
Anacamptis pyramidalis, Pyramidal Orchid
Orchidaceae / Orchids
 
Ophrys apifera, Bee Orchid
Ophrys apifera, Bee Orchid
Orchidaceae / Orchids
 
Ophrys apifera forma chlorantha, Bee Orchid
Ophrys apifera forma chlorantha, Bee Orchid
Orchidaceae / Orchids
 
Lathyrus tuberosus, Tuberous Pea
Lathyrus tuberosus / Tuberous Pea
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Ononis spinosa, Spiny Restharrow
Ononis spinosa / Spiny Restharrow
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Linum tenuifolium, Narrow-Leaved Flax
Linum tenuifolium / Narrow-Leaved Flax
Linaceae / Linseed Fam.
 
Filipendula vulgaris, Dropword
Filipendula vulgaris / Dropword
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Genista tinctoria, Dyer's Greenweed
Genista tinctoria / Dyer's Greenweed
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Onobrychis arenaria, Hungarian Sainfoin
Onobrychis arenaria / Hungarian Sainfoin
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Prunella grandiflora, Large Selfheal
Prunella grandiflora / Large Selfheal
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Tetragonolobus maritimus, Dragon's-teeth
Tetragonolobus maritimus / Dragon's-teeth
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Phelipanche purpurea, Yarrow Broomrape
Phelipanche purpurea / Yarrow Broomrape
Orobanchaceae / Broomrape Fam.
 
Thymus pulegioides, Large Thyme
Thymus pulegioides / Large Thyme
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Orobanche alba, Thyme Broomrape
Orobanche alba / Thyme Broomrape
Orobanchaceae / Broomrape Fam.
 
Cuscuta epithymum, Dodder
Cuscuta epithymum / Dodder
Convolvulaceae / Bindweed Fam.
 
Sedum acre, Biting Stonecrop
Sedum acre / Biting Stonecrop
Crassulaceae / Stonecrop Fam.
 
Teucrium chamaedrys, Wall Germander
Teucrium chamaedrys / Wall Germander
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Teucrium botrys, Cut-Leaved Germander
Teucrium botrys / Cut-Leaved Germander
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Stachys recta, Yellow Woundwort
Stachys recta / Yellow Woundwort
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Anchusa officinalis, Common Bugloss
Anchusa officinalis / Common Bugloss
Boraginaceae / Borrage Fam.
 
Vicia villosa subsp. villosa, Hairy Vetch
Vicia villosa subsp. villosa / Hairy Vetch
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Trifolium montanum, Mountain Clover
Trifolium montanum / Mountain Clover
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Trifolium medium, Zig-zag Clover
Trifolium medium / Zig-zag Clover
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Acinos arvensis, Basil Thyme
Acinos arvensis / Basil Thyme
Lamiaceae / Mint Fam.
 
Bunium bulbocastanum, Great Pignut
Bunium bulbocastanum / Great Pignut
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Lathyrus hirsutus, Hairy Vetchling
Lathyrus hirsutus / Hairy Vetchling
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Rosa canina, Dog Rose
Rosa canina / Dog Rose
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Rosa rubiginosa, Sweet Briar
Rosa rubiginosa / Sweet Briar
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Achillea nobilis, Showy Milfoil
Achillea nobilis / Showy Milfoil
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Tanacetum corymbosum, Scentless Feverfew
Tanacetum corymbosum / Scentless Feverfew
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Potentilla recta, Sulphur Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta / Sulphur Cinquefoil
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Asperula cynanchica, Squinancy Wort
Asperula cynanchica / Squinancy Wort
Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam.
 
Inula conyzae, Ploughman's Spikenard
Inula conyzae / Ploughman's Spikenard
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Crepis setosa, Bristly Hawk's-Beard
Crepis setosa / Bristly Hawk's-Beard
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Bupleurum falcatum, Sickle-Leaved Hare's Ear
Bupleurum falcatum / Sickle-Leaved Hare's Ear
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Pimpinella major, Greater Burnet Saxifrage
Pimpinella major / Greater Burnet Saxifrage
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Cirsium acaule, Stemless Thistle, Dwarf Thistle
Cirsium acaule / Stemless Thistle, Dwarf Thistle
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Carlina vulgaris, Carline Thistle
Carlina vulgaris / Carline Thistle
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Malus sylvestris, Crab Apple
Malus sylvestris / Crab Apple
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Pyrus pyraster, Wild Pear
Pyrus pyraster / Wild Pear
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Prunus spinosa, Sloe, Blackthorn
Prunus spinosa / Sloe, Blackthorn
Rosaceae / Rose Fam.
 
Securigera varia, Purple Crownvetch
Securigera varia / Purple Crownvetch
Fabaceae / Legumes
 
Centaurea scabiosa, Greater Knapweed
Centaurea scabiosa / Greater Knapweed
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Daucus carota subsp. carota, Wild Carrot, Queen Anne's Lace
Daucus carota subsp. carota / Wild Carrot, Queen Anne's Lace
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Eryngium campestre, Field Thistle
Eryngium campestre / Field Thistle
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Scabiosa columbaria, Small Scabious
Scabiosa columbaria / Small Scabious
Dipsacaceae / Teasel Fam.
 
Falcaria vulgaris, Longleaf
Falcaria vulgaris / Longleaf
Apiaceae / Umbellifers
 
Inula salicina, Irish Fleabane
Inula salicina / Irish Fleabane
Asteraceae / Composite Fam.
 
Knautia arvensis, Field Scabious
Knautia arvensis / Field Scabious
Dipsacaceae / Teasel Fam.
 
Gentianella ciliata, Fringed Gentian
Gentianella ciliata / Fringed Gentian
Gentianaceae / Gentian Fam.
 
Anemone sylvestris, Snowdrop Anemone
Anemone sylvestris / Snowdrop Anemone
Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam.
  Since the small meadow behind the former military depot isn't mowed and bushes come up, the Snowdrop Anemone is lost in between.
 

 
Naturally this list of plants isn't complete. It will be continued on occasion.  
 

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Startseite
Start page
 
Inhalt
Contents
 
Orchideen
Orchids
 
Andere Pflanzen
Other Plants
 
Pflanzen nach Familien
Plants acc. to Families
 
.. Verwandtschaft
.. Relationship
 
.. wiss. Namen
.. Scientific Names
 
.. deut. Namen
.. German Names
 
.. engl. Namen
.. English Names
 
.. Art-Namen
.. Specific Names
 
.. Blütenbau
.. Flower Anatomy
 
.. Blütenfarben
.. Bloom Colors
 
.. Blattform
.. Leaf Form
 
.. Regionen
.. Regions
 
.. Aufn.-Monat
.. Photo Month
 
.. Früchten + Samen
.. Fruits + Seed
 
.. Wurzeln + Knollen
.. Roots + Bulbs
 
Bäume
Trees
 
Sträucher
Bushes
 
Wasser-Pfl.
Water Plants
 
Kletter-/Schling-Pfl.
Climbers + Twiners
 
Nutz-Pfl.
Useful Pl.
 
Zier-Pflanzen
Ornamental Pl.
 
Farb-Var.
Color Var.
 
Mehrere Kriterien
Multiple Criteria
 
Biotope + Gruppen
Biotopes + Groups
 
Botan.Links
Botan.Links
 
15-Mai-2019

Copyright: Verwendung der Bilder und Texte nur mit schriftlicher Genehmigung des Autors.
Copyright: Use of the images and texts only with author's written permission.