Photos of European Plants according to the botanical System:
Polypodiaceae (Pteridopsida) / Ferns

All ferns except the Royal Ferns (Osmundaceae), Ferns (Hymenophyllaceae), Adder's-Tongue Ferns (Ophioglossaceae), Water Ferns (Azollaceae), Water Clovers (Marsileaceae), and Floating Ferns (Salviniaceae) are here summed up as Real Ferns (Polypodiaceae), Pteridopsida). In between this inhomogenous group has been splitted into many smaller families:
- Genus Pteridium forms family Dennstaedtiaceae.
- Genus Adiantum, Anogramma, Cheilanthes, Cryptogramma, and Pteris are in between maintained under the family Pteridaceae.
- Genus Asplenium forms family Aspleniaceae.
- Genus Thelypteris, Oreopteris, and Phegopteris are assigned to the family Thelypteridaceae.
- Genus Blechnum forms family Blechnaceae.
- Genus Athyrium, Cystopteris, Gymnocarpium, and Woodsia are now maintained under the family Woodsiaceae.
- Genus Matteuccia and Onoclea are assigned to the family Onocleaceae.
- Genus Dryopteris, Cyrtomium, and Polystichum are now maintained under family Dryopteridaceae.
- Genus Polypodium forms family Polypodiaceae.
- Genus Davallia (Hare's-Foot Fern forms family Davalliaceae.


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Preview pict. Species, Subspecies, or Variety  Synonym(s) Photos from
Cheilanthes / Lip Fern (3 Taxa)
Anogramma leptophylla / Jersey Fern GR Kre Mal Rho
Adiantum / Maidenhair Fern (2 Taxa)
Cryptogramma crispa / Parsley Fern A Cor F
Pteris vittata / Brake Fern Mal
Polypodium / Polypody (4 Taxa)
Pteridium / Bracken (2 Taxa)
Thelypteris palustris / Marsh Fern D
Oreopteris limbosperma / Sweet Mountain Fern, Lemon-Scented Fern Thelypteris limbospermum D
Phegopteris connectilis / Beech Fern Thelypteris phegopteris D F
Asplenium / Spleenwort (23 Taxa)
Asplenium marinum / Sea Spleenwort E IRL
Asplenium trichomanes subsp. trichomanes / Spleenwort A D F
Asplenium trichomanes s.l. / Spleenwort D E F GR HR I IRL S
Asplenium trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens / Tetraploid Spleenwort D E SLO Sam
Asplenium x lusaticum / Hybrid Spleenwort Asplenium trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens x trichomanes subsp. trichomanes D
Asplenium trichomanes subsp. pachyrachis / Thick-Stem Spleenwort D I
Asplenium trichomanes subsp. hastatum / Spear-Leaved Spleenwort D
Asplenium adulterinum / Ladder Spleenwort D
Asplenium viride / Green Spleenwort Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum A D F HR
Asplenium fontanum / Smooth Spleenwort, European Rock Fern D F
Asplenium billotii / Lanceolate Spleenwort Asplenium obovatum subsp. lanceolatum F
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum / Black Spleenwort D E F
Asplenium onopteris / Irish Spleenwort E I Les
Asplenium cuneifolium / Serpentine Spleenwort A
Asplenium septentrionale / Forked Spleenwort D F
Asplenium x alternifolium / Hybrid Spleenwort Asplenium septentrionale x trichomanes subsp. trichomanes D
Asplenium x murbeckii / Hybrid Spleenwort ? Asplenium ruta-muraria x septentrionale D
Asplenium ruta-muraria / Wall-Rue A D F HR
Asplenium ruta-muraria var. schriesheimense / Schriesheim Wall-Rue D
Asplenium lepidum / Elegant Spleenwort HR
Asplenium fissum / Cleft Spleenwort HR
Asplenium ceterach / Rustyback, Scale Fern Ceterach officinarum Chi D F I IRL Kre Rho Sam
Asplenium scolopendrium / Hart's-tongue Phyllitis scolopendrium A D F GB HR IRL SLO
Athyrium / Lady Fern (2 Taxa)
Cystopteris / Bladder Fern (3 Taxa)
Woodsia ilvensis / Oblong Woodsia, Rusty Woodsia D
Gymnocarpium / Oak Fern (2 Taxa)
Matteuccia struthiopteris / Ostrich Fern A D
Onoclea sensibilis / Sensible Fern D
Polystichum / Shield Fern (4 Taxa)
Cyrtomium / Holly Fern (2 Taxa)
Dryopteris / Buckler Fern (13 Taxa)
Davallia canariensis / Hare's-Foot Fern Gom
Blechnum spicant / Hard Fern D IRL

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