Photos of European Plants according to the botanical System:
Liliaceae / Lily Family

Below the Lily Family is listed according to the traditional assignment of CRONQUIST 1981. New family assignments according to the APG system splitted the big heterogenous Lily Family into several smaller families:
- Genus Asparagus, Aphyllanthes, Bellevalia, Chionodoxa, Convallaria (Lily of the Valley), Dipcadi, Hyacinthoides and related, Maianthemum, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Paradisea, Polygionatum, Ruscus, Scilla and related, and Urginea are now maintained in the Asparagus Family Asparagaceae. To this family belongs now also the former Agave Family (Agavaceae) with e.g. the genus Agave, Dracaena, and Yucca.
- Genus Asphodelus, Asphodeline and Hemerocallus (Day Lily) are belonging to the Grass Tree Family Xanthorrhoeaceae, which got its name from a non-european genus.
- Genus Narthecium is split to the small Bog Asphodel Family Nartheciaceae.
- Genus Veratrum and Paris are assigned to the False Helleborine Family
- Genus Smilax forms the Greenbrier Family Smilaceae.
- Genus Colchicum and Merendera merge into the Autumn Crocus Family Colchiaceae.
- Genus Allium (Garlic, Leek) migrates into the Narcissus Family Amaryllidaceae, to which traditionally already Narcissus, Galanthus, Leucojum, Pancratium, and Sternbergia belonged among others.
- Only genus Lilium, Tulipa, Gagea, Fritillaria and Erythronium remain in the now small Lily Family (Liliaceae) according to APG.


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Preview pict. Species, Subspecies, or Variety  Synonym(s) Photos from
Tofieldia / Scottish Asphodel (2 Taxa)
Narthecium ossifragum / Bog Asphodel D F GB IRL
Veratrum / False Hellebore (3 Taxa)
Asphodelus / Asphodel (3 Taxa)
Asphodeline / Asphodel (2 Taxa)
Aloe vera / True Aloe Ten
Anthericum / St. Bernard's Lily (2 Taxa)
Paradisea liliastrum / St Bruno's Lily F I
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis / Blue Aphyllanthes E F
Hemerocallis fulva / Common Day Lily D
Colchicum / Autumn Crocus (13 Taxa)
Merendera pyrenaica / Merendera Merendera montana,
Colchicum montanum
Gagea / Star of Bethlehem (16 Taxa)
Erythronium dens-canis / Dog's Tooth Violet I
Tulipa / Tulip (14 Taxa)
Fritillaria / Fritillary (16 Taxa)
Lilium / Lily (11 Taxa)
Ornithogalum / Star of Bethlehem (25 Taxa)
Ornithogalum pyrenaicum / Pyrenean Star of Bethlehem F I
Ornithogalum sphaerocarpum / White Pyrenees Star of Bethlehem HR Les
Ornithogalum narbonense / Pyramidal Star of Bethlehem F Les Rho Sam
Ornithogalum brevistylum / Pyramidal Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum narbonense subsp. brevistylum D HR
Ornithogalum oligophyllum / Star of Bethlehem GR
Ornithogalum montanum / Mountain Star of Bethlehem Chi GR Les
Ornithogalum fimbriatum / Hairy-Leaved Star of Bethlehem Sam
Ornithogalum collinum / Greek Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum graecum GR Kre
Ornithogalum collinum subsp. rhodium / White Star of Bethlehem Rho
Ornithogalum chionophilum / White Star of Bethlehem ? Zyp
Ornithogalum exscapum / White Star of Bethlehem E GR HR I Siz
Ornithogalum comosum / Tufted Star of Bethlehem HR
Ornithogalum pannonicum / Pannonian Star of Bethlehem A
Ornithogalum umbellatum agg. / White Star of Bethlehem Chi F Rho Sam
Ornithogalum angustifolium / Narrow-Leaved Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum s.str.,
Ornithogalum umbellatum subsp. campestre
Ornithogalum kochii / Koch's Star of Bethlehem ? F I
Ornithogalum gussonei / Gussone's White Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum tenuifolium GR I
Ornithogalum armeniacum / Armenian Star of Bethlehem Chi Sam
Ornithogalum divergens / Lesser Star of Bethlehem D
Ornithogalum vulgare / Common Star of Bethlehem D
Ornithogalum nutans / Drooping Star of Bethlehem Honorius nutans D Kre Les Rho Sam
Ornithogalum boucheanum / Bouché's Star of Bethlehem Honorius boucheanus D
Ornithogalum arabicum / Arabian Star Flower, Black Pearl Lily Mal
Ornithogalum spec1 / Star of Bethlehem ? D
Ornithogalum spec2 / Star of Bethlehem ? A
Drimia / Sea Squill (3 Taxa)
Scilla / Squill (14 Taxa)
Chouardia litardierei / Meadow Squill Scilla litardierei,
Nectaroscilla litardierei
Chionodoxa / Glory of the Snow (5 Taxa)
Hyacinthoides / Bluebell (4 Taxa)
Puschkinia scilloides / Russian Snowdrop D
Hyacinthus orientalis / Garden Hyacinth D
Brimeura fastigiata / Pouzolz' Squill Hyacinthus fastigiatus Cor Mal
Bellevalia / Squill (6 Taxa)
Hyacinthella dalmatica / Dalmatian Hyacinth HR
Dipcadi serotinum / Dipcadi, Brown Bluebell E F
Muscari / Grape Hyacinth (12 Taxa)
Allium / Garlic,Leek (39 Taxa)
Nectaroscordum siculum / Sicilian Honey Garlic, Bulgarian Leek Allium siculum D
Tristagma / Star Flower (2 Taxa)
Convallaria majalis / Lily of the Valley D
Maianthemum bifolium / May Lily, False Lily of the Valley A D F S
Hosta / Hosta (2 Taxa)
Streptopus amplexifolius / Twisted Stalk D
Polygonatum / Solomon's Seal (3 Taxa)
Paris quadrifolia / Herb Paris A D PL
Asparagus / Asparagus (6 Taxa)
Chlorophytum comosum / Spider Plant, St Bernard's Lily D
Ruscus / Butcher's Broom (2 Taxa)
Smilax aspera / Rough Bindweed E F GR Mal
Dracaena draco / Dragon Tree Pal Ten
Agave / Agave (3 Taxa)
Yucca / Yucca (2 Taxa)

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