Photos of European Plants:
Polypodiaceae (Pteridopsida) / Ferns

All ferns except the Royal Ferns (Osmundaceae), Ferns (Hymenophyllaceae), Adder's-Tongue Ferns (Ophioglossaceae), Water Ferns (Azollaceae), Water Clovers (Marsileaceae), and Floating Ferns (Salviniaceae) are here summed up as Real Ferns (Polypodiaceae), Pteridopsida). In between this inhomogenous group has been splitted into many smaller families:
- Genus Pteridium forms family Dennstaedtiaceae.
- Genus Adiantum, Anogramma, Cheilanthes, Cryptogramma, and Pteris are now maintained under the family Pteridaceae.
- Genus Asplenium forms family (Aspleniaceae.
- Genus Thelypteris, Oreopteris, and Phegopteris are assigned to the family Thelypteridaceae.
- Genus Blechnum forms family Blechnaceae.
- Genus Athyrium, Cystopteris, Gymnocarpium, and Woodsia are now maintained under the family Woodsiaceae.
- Genus Matteuccia and Onoclea are assigned to the family Onocleaceae.
- Genus Dryopteris, Cyrtomium, and Polystichum are now maintained under family Dryopteridaceae.
- Genus Polypodium forms family Polypodiaceae.


This Family acc. to Relationship
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  Genus with more than one available species has been opened

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Adiantum capillus-veneris / Maidenhair Fern E F GR Mal Sam
Anogramma leptophylla / Jersey Fern GR Kre Mal Rho
Asplenium / Spleenwort (22 Taxa + 5 Syn.) A Chi D E F GB GR HR I IRL Kre Les Rho S Sam
Athyrium / Lady Fern (2 Taxa + 1 Syn.) A D I
Blechnum spicant / Hard Fern D IRL
Ceterach officinarum −−> Asplenium ceterach Chi D I IRL Kre Rho Sam
Cheilanthes / Lip Fern (1 Taxon + 1 Syn.) Chi GR Kre Les Rho Sam
Cryptogramma crispa / Parsley Fern Cor F I S
Cyrtomium / Holly Fern (2 Taxa) D
Cystopteris / Bladder Fern (3 Taxa) A D E F GR HR
Dryopteris / Buckler Fern (13 Taxa + 2 Syn.) A CH D F HR I S Sam
Gymnocarpium / Oak Fern (2 Taxa) D F S
Matteuccia struthiopteris / Ostrich Fern A D
Onoclea sensibilis / Sensible Fern D
Oreopteris limbosperma / Sweet Mountain Fern, Lemon-Scented Fern D
Phegopteris connectilis / Beech Fern D F
Phyllitis scolopendrium −−> Asplenium scolopendrium A D F GB HR IRL
Polypodium / Polypody (4 Taxa + 2 Syn.) Cor D E F HR I NL S Sam
Polystichum / Shield Fern (3 Taxa + 1 Syn.) A D E F HR I S
Pteridium / Bracken (2 Taxa + 1 Syn.) D F GR
Pteris vittata / Brake Fern Mal
Thelypteris / Fern (1 Taxon + 2 Syn.) D F
Woodsia ilvensis / Oblong Woodsia, Rusty Woodsia D

This Family acc. to Relationship
For combined criteria out of Family, Flower Anatomy, Color, and Leaf Form see here.

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