Photos of European Plants:
Liliaceae / Lily Family

Below the Lily Family is listed according to the traditional assignment of CRONQUIST 1981. New family assignments according to the APG system splitted the big heterogenous Lily Family into several smaller families:
- Genus Asparagus, Aphyllanthes, Bellevalia, Chionodoxa, Convallaria (Lily of the Valley), Dipcadi, Hyacinthoides and related, Maianthemum, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Paradisea, Polygionatum, Ruscus, Scilla and related, and Urginea are now maintained in the Asparagus Family Asparagaceae. To this family belongs now also the former Agave Family (Agavaceae) with e.g. the genus Agave, Dracaena, and Yucca.
- Genus Asphodelus, Asphodeline and Hemerocallus (Day Lily) are belonging to the Grass Tree Family Xanthorrhoeaceae, which got its name from a non-european genus.
- Genus Narthecium is split to the small Bog Asphodel Family Nartheciaceae.
- Genus Veratrum and Paris are assigned to the False Helleborine Family
- Genus Smilax forms the Greenbrier Family Smilaceae.
- Genus Colchicum and Merendera merge into the Autumn Crocus Family Colchiaceae.
- Genus Allium (Garlic, Leek) migrates into the Narcissus Family Amaryllidaceae, to which traditionally already Narcissus, Galanthus, Leucojum, Pancratium, and Sternbergia belonged among others.
- Only genus Lilium, Tulipa, Gagea, Fritillaria and Erythronium remain in the now small Lily Family (Liliaceae) according to APG.


This Family acc. to Relationship
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Agave / Agave (3 Taxa) Chi F Gom I Siz
Allium / Garlic, Leek (39 Taxa + 5 Syn.) A And Chi Cor D DK E F GR HR I Kre Mal Pal Rho S SLO Sam Siz Ten Zyp
Aloe vera / True Aloe Ten
Anthericum / St. Bernard's Lily (2 Taxa) D F I
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis / Blue Aphyllanthes E F
Asparagus / Asparagus (6 Taxa + 1 Syn.) Cor D E F GR Mal Sam
Asphodeline / Asphodel (2 Taxa) D GR HR I Kre Siz
Asphodelus / Asphodel (3 Taxa) Chi Cor D F HR I Kre Les Mal Rho Siz Ten Zyp
Bellevalia / Squill (6 Taxa) Chi GR HR I Rho Siz Tun Zyp
Brimeura fastigiata / Pouzolz' Squill Cor Mal
Bulbocodium vernum −−> Colchicum bulbocodium CH
Charybdis / Sea Squill (3 Syn.) Chi GR Kre Mal Rho Sam
Chionodoxa / Glory of the Snow (5 Taxa + 1 Syn.) D Kre
Chlorophytum comosum / Spider Plant, St Bernard's Lily D
Chouardia litardierei / Meadow Squill HR
Colchicum / Autumn Crocus (13 Taxa + 3 Syn.) CH D E F GR I Les Rho
Convallaria majalis / Lily of the Valley D
Dipcadi serotinum / Dipcadi, Brown Bluebell E F
Dracaena draco / Dragon Tree Pal Ten
Drimia / Sea Squill (3 Taxa) Chi GR Kre Mal Rho Sam
Endymion non-scriptus −−> Hyacinthoides non-scripta D GB
Erythronium dens-canis / Dog's Tooth Violet I
Fritillaria / Fritillary (16 Taxa + 3 Syn.) Chi D E F GR HR I IL Kre Les Rho Sam
Gagea / Star of Bethlehem (16 Taxa + 4 Syn.) A Cor D F GR HR I Kre Les Mal Rho Sam Zyp
Hemerocallis fulva / Common Day Lily D
Honorius / Star of Bethlehem (2 Syn.) D Kre Les Rho Sam
Hosta / Hosta (2 Taxa) D
Hyacinthella dalmatica / Dalmatian Hyacinth HR
Hyacinthoides / Bluebell (4 Taxa + 1 Syn.) D E GB I P
Hyacinthus / Hyacinth (1 Taxon + 1 Syn.) Cor D Mal
Ipheion / Star Flower (2 Syn.) D F
Ledebouria undulata −−> Drimia undulata Mal
Leopoldia / Grape Hyacinth (3 Syn.) Chi D F GR HR I Kre Les Rho Sam
Lilium / Lily (11 Taxa) A CH D F GR HR I S SLO
Lloydia / Star of Bethlehem (2 Syn.) A GR I Kre Les Rho Sam
Maianthemum bifolium / May Lily, False Lily of the Valley A D F S
Merendera / Merendera (1 Taxon + 2 Syn.) E F
Muscari / Grape Hyacinth (12 Taxa + 1 Syn.) Chi D E F GR HR I Kre Les Rho Sam Siz TR Zyp
Narthecium ossifragum / Bog Asphodel D F GB IRL
Nectaroscilla / Squill (2 Syn.) HR Les
Nectaroscordum siculum / Sicilian Honey Garlic, Bulgarian Leek D
Oncostema peruviana −−> Scilla peruviana E P
Ornithogalum / Star of Bethlehem (25 Taxa + 5 Syn.) A Chi D E F GR HR I Kre Les Mal Rho Sam Siz Zyp
Othocallis / Squill (3 Syn.) D
Paradisea liliastrum / St Bruno's Lily F I
Paris quadrifolia / Herb Paris A D PL
Polygonatum / Solomon's Seal (3 Taxa) A D F HR I S
Prospero / Squill (2 Syn.) F GR I TR
Pseudomuscari inconstrictum −−> Muscari inconstrictum Zyp
Puschkinia scilloides / Russian Snowdrop D
Ruscus / Butcher's Broom (2 Taxa) D F GR HR
Scilla / Squill (14 Taxa + 7 Syn.) D E F GR HR I Kre Les P Sam TR Ten
Smilax aspera / Rough Bindweed E F GR Mal
Strangweja spicata −−> Bellevalia hyacinthoides GR
Streptopus amplexifolius / Twisted Stalk D
Tofieldia / Scottish Asphodel (2 Taxa) A F HR SLO
Tristagma / Star Flower (2 Taxa + 1 Syn.) D F
Triteleia / Star Flower (2 Syn.) D F
Tulipa / Tulip (14 Taxa + 1 Syn.) Chi D E F GR I Kre Les Sam Tun
Urginea / Sea Squill (3 Syn.) Chi GR Kre Mal Rho Sam
Veratrum / False Hellebore (3 Taxa) A And D F HR
Yucca / Yucca (2 Taxa) D F

This Family acc. to Relationship
For combined criteria out of Family, Flower Anatomy, Color, and Leaf Form see here.

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