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Photos of European Plants acc. to the Flower Anatomy:   4 petals
 
Other flower anatomy
 
  Genus with more than one available species, can be opened by mouse click.
  Genus with more than one available species has been opened.
 

Radial symmetrical flowers with 4 petals have among others the Crucifers (Brassicaceae), many Bedstraw Fam. (Rubiaceae), Poppy Fam. (Papaveraceae), Ashe Fam. (Oleaceae), the Daphne Fam. (Thymelaceae), Dogwood Fam. (Cornaceae), Cytine Fam. (Rafflesiaceae). Only some of the genus or species of other families have also 4 petals, e.g. of the Figworts (Scrophulariaceae) the Speedwell Fam. (Veronica) and Mullein Fam. (Verbascum), and few species of the Gentian Fam. (Gentianaceae), Teasel Fam. (Dipsacaceae), Buckthorn Fam. (Rhamnaceae), Heather Fam. (Ericaceae), Stonecrop Fam. (Crassulaceae), Spindle Fam. (Celastraceae), Sumach Fam. (Anacardiaceae), Sea-Buckthorn Fam. (Elaeagnaceae), Holly Fam. (Aquifoliaceae), Butterfly-Bushe Fam. (Buddlejaceae). Few Moehringia species of the Campion family (Caryophyllaceae) have also 4 instead of 5 petals.
 

Preview pict. Species, Subspecies, or Variety  Family  Photos from
Adenostyles alpina / Alpine Plantain, Hedge Garlic Asteraceae / Composite Fam. A HR
Aethionema / Candytuft (5) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F GR HR I Sam
Alliaria petiolata / Garlic Mustard Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F
Alyssoides utriculata / Tinkerbells Brassicaceae / Crucifers HR
Alyssum / Alison,Madwort (12) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A Chi D F GR HR I Kre Les Sam
Arabidopsis thaliana / Thale Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers Cor D
Arabis / Rock-Cress (20) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A Chi Cor D E F GR HR I IRL Pal Rho Siz
Argemone mexicana / Mexican Prickly Poppy Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. Pal
Armoracia rusticana / Horse Radish Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D
Asperula / Woodruff (12) Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. A D E F GR HR SLO
Aubrieta deltoidea / Purple Rock Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers Chi D GR Les Sam
Aucuba japonica / Gold Dust Plant Garriceae / Aucuba Fam. D
Aurinia / Alison (3) Brassicaceae / Crucifers Chi D GR HR Sam
Barbarea / Winter Cress (6) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A Cor D F HR I
Berteroa / Alyssum (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D GR PL
Biscutella / Buckler Mustard (5) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D E F GR HR I Kre Rho Sam
Brassica / Cabbage,Mustard (14) Brassicaceae / Crucifers Chi D E F GB GR HR I Kre Les NL Sam
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia / Spike Heath Ericaceae / Heather Fam. D
Buddleja davidii / Butterfly Bush Buddlejaceae / Butterfly Bush Fam. D F
Bunias / Warty Cabbage (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D GR I Les
Cakile maritima / Sea Rocket Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F GR IRL Les NL Rho S Zyp
Calepina irregularis / White Ball-Mustard Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F GR HR Les
Calluna vulgaris / Heather Ericaceae / Heather Fam. D E F IRL
Camelina / Gold of Pleasure (3) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F
Capparis sicula / Sicilian Caper Capparaceae / Caper Fam. GR
Capsella / Shepherd's Purse (4) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D GR I S
Cardamine / Bitter-Cress,Cuckooflower (22) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A CH Cor D F GR HR I IRL Les Mal Rho Sam
Cardaminopsis / Rock-Cress (4) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F HR S
Cardaria draba / Hoary Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers D Sam
Celastrus orbiculatus / Staff Vine Celastraceae / Spindle Fam. D
Cephalaria / Scabiosa (2) Dipsacaceae / Teasel Fam. D E F GR HR
Chelidonium majus / Greater Celandine Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. D
Chrysosplenium / Golden-Saxifrage (2) Saxifragaceae / Saxifrage Fam. A D F HR
Cicendia filiformis / Slender Cicendia, Yellow Centaury Gentianaceae / Gentian Fam. D
Circaea / Enchanter's Nightshade (4) Onagraceae / Willowherb Fam. D S
Clematis / Clematis (8) Ranunculaceae / Buttercup Fam. A Chi D F GR HR I
Clypeola jonthlaspi / Disk Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers GR
Cochlearia / Scurvy-Grass (4) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F IRL S
Coincya / Wallflower Cabbage (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D E F
Conringia / Hare's Ear,Mustard (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D I
Cornus / Dogwood (5) Cornaceae / Dogwood Fam. D HR I S
Coronopus / Swine Cress (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D E Mal
Cotinus coggygria / Smoke Tree Anacardiaceae / Sumach Fam. GR HR I
Crambe maritima / Sea Kale Brassicaceae / Crucifers D NL S
Crassula helmsii / Swamp Stonecrop, New Zealand Pygmyweed Crassulaceae / Stonecrop Fam. D
Crucianella / Crosswort (2) Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. Cor F GR Les
Cruciata / Crosswort (2) Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. Cor D F HR I
Cuscuta gronovii / Gronovius' Dodder, Swamp Dodder Convolvulaceae / Bindweed Fam. D
Cytinus / Cytinus (2) Rafflesiaceae / Cytine Fam. Chi F I Kre Mal Rho Tun
Daphne / Daphne (10) Thymelaeaceae / Daphne Fam. A Cor D E F GR HR I Kre Mal SLO
Degenia velebitica / Velebit Degenia Brassicaceae / Crucifers D HR
Descurainia sophia / Flixweed, Tansy Mustard Brassicaceae / Crucifers D
Diospyros kaki / Kaki Persimmon, Japanese Persimmon Ebenaceae / Ebony Fam. D HR
Diplotaxis / Wall Rocket (3) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F GR HR I
Draba / Whitlowgrass (20) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A Cor D F GR I Kre Mal Sam
Elaeagnus / Oleaster (2) Elaeagnaceae / Sea-Buckthorn Fam. D F
Elatine alsinastrum / Whorled Waterwort Elatinaceae / Waterwort Fam. D
Epilobium / Willowherb (22) Onagraceae / Willowherb Fam. A D DK E F GB GR HR NL S Zyp
Epimedium / Barren-Wort (3) Berberidaceae / Barberry Fam. D
Erica / Heath (3) Ericaceae / Heather Fam. Chi D F GR HR I Les Pal Sam Ten
Eruca vesicaria / Garden Rocket Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F GR HR Tun
Erucaria hispanica / Spanish Pink Mustard Brassicaceae / Crucifers Rho
Erucastrum / Rocket (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F
Erysimum / Treacle Mustard,Wallflower (23) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D E F GR HR I Kre Les Sam Siz
Eschscholzia californica / California Poppy Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. D Ten
Euonymus / Spindle (6) Celastraceae / Spindle Fam. D F HR S
Fibigia / Fibigia (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D GR
Forsythia / Golden Bell,Border Forsythia (2) Oleaceae / Ash Fam. D
Fraxinus / Ash (4) Oleaceae / Ash Fam. A D E F GR HR I
Fuchsia magellanica / Fuchsia Onagraceae / Willowherb Fam. IRL
Galium / Bedstraw (43) Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. A CH Chi Cor D E F GR HR I IRL Kre Les Mal Rho S SLO Sam
Gaura lindheimeri / Bee Blossom, Whirling Butterflies Onagraceae / Willowherb Fam. D GR
Gentiana cruciata / Cross-Leaved Gentian Gentianaceae / Gentian Fam. D E HR
Gentianella / Gentian (3) Gentianaceae / Gentian Fam. A D E F I IRL
Glaucium flavum / Yellow Horned Poppy Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. Chi Cor F GR Kre Les NL Rho
Hesperis / Dame's Violet (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F HR IRL Sam
Hippophae / Sea Buckthorn (2) Elaeagnaceae / Sea-Buckthorn Fam. D NL S
Hirschfeldia incana / Shortpod Mustard, Buchanweed Brassicaceae / Crucifers D GR Kre Rho Sam
Hornungia petraea / Hutchinsia Brassicaceae / Crucifers F GR
Hugueninia tanacetifolia / Tansy-Leaved Rocket Brassicaceae / Crucifers F
Hymenolobus procumbens / Slenderweed, Oval Purse Brassicaceae / Crucifers D
Hypecoum / Hypecoum (3) Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. Chi Cor GR Les Sam
Iberis / Candytuft (9) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D E F GR I Sam
Ilex aquifolium / Holly Aquifoliaceae / Holly Fam. D E F IRL Mal
Isatis / Woad (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F
Jasminum / Jasmine (2) Oleaceae / Ash Fam. D F
Kernera saxatilis / Kernera Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F
Knautia / Scabious,Widow Flower (12) Dipsacaceae / Teasel Fam. A Cor D E F GR HR I Kre PL Rho S SLO
Laurus / Laurel (2) Lauraceae / Laurel Fam. GR Gom HR Mal Ten
Lepidium / Pepperwort,Pepperweed (9) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D DK F HR I Les
Ligustrum / Privet (3) Oleaceae / Ash Fam. D E F I IRL
Lobularia / Alison (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers Cor D F HR I Mal Ten
Ludwigia / Hampshire Purslane (2) Onagraceae / Willowherb Fam. D
Lunaria / Honesty (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D HR SLO
Macleaya cordata / Plume Poppy Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. D
Malcolmia / Stock (6) Brassicaceae / Crucifers Chi F GR Kre Les Rho Sam
Matthiola / Stock (5) Brassicaceae / Crucifers Chi Cor F GR HR I Les Mal Sam Siz Zyp
Meconopsis cambrica / Welsh Poppy Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. D E F
Microthlaspi / Penny-Cress (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D GR HR Rho
Minuartia cherlerioides / Cherler's Sandwort Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam. A
Moehringia muscosa / Mossy Sandwort Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam. A D E HR
Moenchia erecta / Upright Chickweed Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam. D
Moricandia / Violet Cabbage (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D E Tun
Murbeckiella pinnatifida / Pinnatifid Rock-Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers F
Myagrum perfoliatum / Mitre Cress, Bird's-Eye Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers HR
Myriophyllum / Water Milfoil (4) Haloragaceae / Water Milfoil Fam. D F HR NL
Nasturtium / Water Cress (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A Cor D E F I Kre Mal NL
Neslia paniculata / Ball Mustard Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D
Noccaea alpestris / Alpine Penny-Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers A
Oenothera / Evening Primrose (40) Onagraceae / Willowherb Fam. CH D E F I
Olea / Olive (3) Oleaceae / Ash Fam. Chi Cor F GR Kre Mal Rho Sam
Pachysandra terminalis / Carpet Box Buxaceae / Box Fam. D
Papaver / Poppy (18) Papaveraceae / Poppy Fam. A Chi Cor D E F GR I Kre Les Mal Rho S SLO Sam
Peltaria alliacea / Garlic Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers A HR
Petrocallis pyrenaica / Pyrenean Whitlow Grass Brassicaceae / Crucifers A F I
Philadelphus coronarius / Sweet Mock Orange, English Dogwood Hydrangeaceae / Hydrangea Fam. D
Phillyrea / Phillyrea (2) Oleaceae / Ash Fam. Cor E F HR I
Pritzelago / Pritzelago (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D E F I
Ptilotrichum / Madwort (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers F GR
Putoria calabrica / Stinking Madder Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. GR
Ramonda nathaliae / Nathalie's Ramonda Gesneriaceae / Gesneria Fam. GR
Raphanus / Radish (4) Brassicaceae / Crucifers Cor D F HR I IRL Les Mal
Rapistrum / Cabbage (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers Cor E F HR NL Sam
Rhamnus / Buckthorn (10) Rhamnaceae / Buckthorn Fam. A D E F GR HR I IRL Mal S
Rhodiola rosea / Golden Root, Roseroot Crassulaceae / Stonecrop Fam. A HR
Rhodotypos scandens / Jetbead Rosaceae / Rose Fam. D
Rhus / Sumach (2) Anacardiaceae / Sumach Fam. D E F
Rhynchosinapis richeri / Richer's Cabbage Brassicaceae / Crucifers F
Ricotia cretica / Ricotia Brassicaceae / Crucifers Kre
Rorippa / Yellow-Cress (9) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F HR I NL
Rubia tenuifolia / Narrow-Leaved Madder, Himalayan Madder Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. Chi GR
Sagina / Pearlwort (2) Caryophyllaceae / Campion Fam. D F I S
Schivereckia podolica / Russian Madwort Brassicaceae / Crucifers D
Sherardia arvensis / Field Madder Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. Cor D E HR Rho
Sinapis / Mustard (2) Brassicaceae / Crucifers D GR HR Rho Sam
Sisymbrium / Rocket (9) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A Chi Cor D E F GR HR I Kre Les Mal
Styrax officinalis / Styrax Tree Styracaceae / Styrax Fam. Kre Rho Sam
Succisa pratensis / Devil's-bit Scabious Dipsacaceae / Teasel Fam. D F IRL S
Succisella inflexa / Southern Succisella Dipsacaceae / Teasel Fam. D SLO
Syringa / Lilac (2) Oleaceae / Ash Fam. D
Tamarix / Tamarisk (2) Tamaricaceae / Tamarisk Fam. HR Kre Rho
Teesdalia nudicaulis / Shepherd's Cress Brassicaceae / Crucifers D F
Thesium alpinum / Alpine Bastard Toadflax Santalaceae / Sandalwood Fam. A D F
Thlaspi / Penny-Cress,Täschelkraut (12) Brassicaceae / Crucifers A D F GR HR I
Thymelaea / Thymelaea (5) Thymelaeaceae / Daphne Fam. D F GR Kre Mal
Trapa natans / Water Caltrop Trapaceae / Water-Caltrop Fam. D F
Vaccinium / Bilberry,Cranberry (5) Ericaceae / Heather Fam. A D F S
Valantia / Valantia (3) Rubiaceae / Bedstraw Fam. Chi Kre Les Mal Rho Sam
Veronica / Speedwell (45) Scrophulariaceae / Figwort Fam. A CH Chi Cor D F GR HR I IRL Kre Mal NL S SLO Sam
Viscum / Mistletoe (3) Loranthaceae / Mistletoe Fam. Cor D GR Kre
 
 
 
 
 
Other flower anatomy
 

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Contents
 
Orchids
 
Other Plants
 
Plants acc. to Families
 
.. Relationship
 
.. Scientific Names
 
.. German Names
 
.. English Names
 
.. Specific Names
 
.. Bloom Colors
 
.. Leaf Form
 
.. Regions
 
.. Photo Month
 
.. Fruits + Seed
 
.. Roots + Bulbs
 
Trees
 
Bushes
 
Water Plants
 
Climbers + Twiners
 
Useful Pl.
 
Ornamental Pl.
 
Color Var.
 
Multiple Criteria
 
Biotopes + Groups
 
Botan.Links
 

Copyright: Use of the images and texts only with the author's written permission.